Succulent Karoo

WWF Abstract

The Succulent Karoo ecoregion has been called the world’s most extraordinary desert, a designation that has earned it a place as the world’s only biodiversity "hotspot" that is entirely arid. The number of plant species in the region is unparalleled anywhere else in the world for an area this size, and at least 40 percent of these species are endemic. Most are succulents--plants with thick, fleshy tissues that can store water. One-third of the world's 10,000 species of succulent plants grows in this ecoregion. While the animal diversity does not compare to the spectacular plant diversity, a wide variety of arachnids, beetles, and reptiles can be found among the succulents. And several species of moles live beneath the ground, including some whose range is limited to the ecoregion.
Read more: View WWF Report
Ecozone:Afrotropic
Biome:Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Countries:Namibia, South Africa
Area:25,407,998 acres (10,282,252 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data

Protected Areas

Anysberg Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve
Gamkapoort Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve
Matjiesrivier Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve
Namib-Naukluft National Park
National Diamond Coast Recreational Resort
Richtersveld National Park
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder