Chihuahuan desert

WWF Abstract

This vast desert spreads out between Mexico's two largest mountain chains, the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra Madre Occidental, extending northwards into south-western United States. The ecoregion occupies most of the state of Chihuahua, northwest Coahuila, and northeast Durango and parts of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. Four river basins influence this desert -- the great Rio Grande (Bravo), the Rio Casas Grandes, the Rio Mapimi Bolsón and the Rio Mayrán. The climate is dry, with some summer and winter rains, and mild frosts during the fall and winter. Widespread and characteristic plant species are creosote bush, tarbush, viscid acacia, yucca, and cactus. This ecoregion is one of the richest deserts for plants in the Americas, and is likely the third richest desert for reptiles in the world. It contains the highest diversity of bees in Mexico, as well as the largest assemblage of endangered cacti in America.
Read more: View WWF Report
Ecozone:Nearctic
Biome:Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Countries:Mexico, United States
Area:125,887,999 acres (50,945,066 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Map:View Google Map
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data

Protected Areas

Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Coronado National Monument National Memorial
Fort Bowie National Historic Site
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Jornada Biosphere Reserve
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research
White Sands National Monument
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder