Gurupa varzea

WWF Abstract

This ecoregion covers the lower Amazon River basin, between the mouths of the Tapajós and Xingu Rivers. Várzea means "flooded forest," an appropriate name for the inundated area along the rivers’ floodplains. Water surges over the landscape as daily tidal fluctuations meet seasonal flooding from rainfall of close to 100 inches (2,540 mm) per year. In the less rainy season, water levels fluctuate from 6 to 10 feet (2 to 3 m) each day. At the height of the flood season, the daily fluctuations can be 13 to 23 feet (4 to 7 m)! The force of the Amazon River’s rushing floodwaters comes mainly from the sheer volume of water, not from the slope of the land. Sometimes these waters even flow uphill, as ocean tides push against the turbid river water.
Read more: View WWF Report
Ecozone:Neotropic
Biome:Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Countries:Brazil
Area:2,431,999 acres (984,195 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Map:View Google Map
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder