Iquitos varzea

WWF Abstract

The extensive Iquitos Várzea ecoregion includes the low, seasonally flooded river basins of the uppermost Amazon River in western Brazil, Peru, and, to a lesser degree, Bolivia. Várzea means "flooded forests," an appropriate name for this ecoregion. Here, the whitewaters of the Amazon and other rivers flood the land with a milky, cloudy current that churns with sediment carried from the slopes of the Andes. At the town of Iquitos, the Amazon River floods twice a year, covering the surrounding forest in 20 to 23 feet (6-7 m) of water for an expanse of up to 12 miles (19 km). These floods can cover the land for as much as ten months of the year! As the floodwater recedes, it deposits nutrient-rich sediments, creating incredibly fertile soil. Between 90 and 120 inches (2,286-3,048 mm) of rain falls each year.
Read more: View WWF Report
Ecozone:Neotropic
Biome:Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Countries:Brazil, Peru, Bolivia
Area:28,415,999 acres (11,499,547 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER