Oaxacan montane forests

WWF Abstract

These forests grow on the northern slope of the Sierra Norte de Oaxaca in the Mexican states of Puebla and Oaxaca. Composed of tall trees between 65 and 130 feet (20 and 40 m) in height, the ecoregion lies at altitudes from 4,500 to 7,400 feet (1,400 to 2,250 m) above sea level. The annual precipitation rate is high, around 118 inches (300 cm), and the climate is temperate humid. A few sections of the forests receive up to 200 or 240 inches (500 or 600 cm) of rain and represent some of the wettest zones in Mexico. The dominant tree species are Engelhardtia mexicana, olmo, loro, sweetgum, Mexican hand plant, blackgum and Mexican white pine. At lower altitudes, Engelhardtia mixes with tropical evergreen forests and above 2000 meters the species grows with pine-oak forests. Palm trees, ferns, epiphytes, herbaceous plants, pteridophytes, and fungi fill the layers below the tree canopy. Colorful orchids and bromeliads are common; plant lovers would recognize Epidendrum spp., Encyclia spp., Laelia, Pleurothallis spp., Tillandsia prodigiosa, T. violaceae, Aechmea mexicana and Vriesia spp. Hummingbirds dart among many of these plants seeking nectar and insects.
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Ecozone:Neotropic
Biome:Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Countries:Mexico
Area:1,855,999 acres (751,096 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER