Serra do Mar coastal forests

WWF Abstract

The Serro do Mar Coastal Forests form the southern extremes of eastern Brazilian rain forest, where the diversity of plants is astounding. The habitat is predominantly tropical lowland evergreen forest, with areas of coastal restinga, gallery forest, and scrub. These forests occur around bustling Rio de Janeiro, south along the coast for several hundred miles, gradually becoming the Uroguayan Savanna. In the patches of mountainous area, humid forests give way to conifer forests and form islands of this unique habitat. The isolation of these habitat islands has led to the evolution of a large number of endemic species. One can find many rare and endemic birds, including the Rio de Janeiro antbird, Bahia tapaculo, red-tailed amazon, and hook-billed hermit.
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Ecozone:Neotropic
Biome:Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Countries:Brazil
Area:25,919,998 acres (10,489,451 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Land Use:View Land Use Data

Protected Areas

Itatiaia National Park
Parque Estadual Intervales State Park
Serra dos Org√£os National Park
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER