Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests

WWF Abstract

Growing on the tallest mountain range in Mexico, the pine-oak forests of the Trans-volcanic Belt thrive at altitudes of over 6,500 feet (2,000 m). Their soils capture rain water and re-fill aquifers, providing a critical service to the people of nearby towns and cities. Monarch butterflies, which undertake the largest migratory route of all insects (2,500 miles or 4,000 km), spend winters hibernating in these cool and moist volcanic forests. Half of all Mexican rodents inhabit this ecoregion. Oak species include yellow oak in the west and honey and white oak at higher altitudes. There are more species of pine here than any other ecoregion in the world. Montezuma pine is a dominant species, except in more humid areas where ocote pine grows. At low elevations, the most common pines are the ocote chino and Michoacan pine. Above 9,800 feet (3000 m) the forests are limited to Hartweg's pine and sacred fir.
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Ecozone:Neotropic
Biome:Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Countries:Mexico
Area:22,655,998 acres (9,168,557 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data

Protected Areas

Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlan Biosphere Reserve
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER