Northwest Iberian montane forests

WWF Abstract

Every year, mountain climbers from all over the world come to the Northwest Iberian Montane Forests ecoregion in search of adventure. With high, rugged mountains and deep valleys cut by rivers and streams, the landscape here is breathtaking. Throughout the region, Mediterranean oak forests are carpeted with orchids and creeping soft grass. Under the majestic oaks, strawberry trees bloom with white flowers and bear orange berries. Other forests of cherry, oak, and alder trees are interspersed with tall reed vegetation and tall sedge fens along the ecoregion’s many rivers. And, high in the mountains above the tree line, alpine meadows are filled with wildflowers. All these diverse habitats support a rich diversity of wildlife, including Iberian lynxes, Egyptian vultures, fire salamanders, brown bears, and wildcats.
Read more: View WWF Report
Ecozone:Palearctic
Biome:Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Countries:Portugal, Spain
Area:14,143,998 acres (5,723,873 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data

Protected Areas

ARRIBES DEL DUERO
CAÑÓN DEL RÍO LOBOS
CAMINO DE SANTIAGO
CAMPO DE ALISTE
CAMPO DE ARGAÑÁN
CAMPO DE AZABA
CANDELARIO
CERRO DE GUISANDO
COLONIAS DE CERNICALO PRIMILLA DE JARAIZ DE LA VERA
Douro Internacional e Vale do Águeda
EMBALSE DE BORBOLLÓN
EMBALSE GABRIEL Y GALAN
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio
HOCES DEL ALTO EBRO Y RUDRÓN
HUMADA-PEÑA AMAYA
HURDES
LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE
LAGO DE SANABRIA Y ALREDEDORES
LAS BATUECAS-SIERRA DE FRANCIA
MONTES AQUILANOS
MONTES OBARENES
Montesinho/Nogueira
NACIMIENTO DEL RIO GEVORA
OMAÑAS
OTEROS-CAMPOS
OTEROS-CEA
PÁRAMO LEONES
PEÑAS DE ARNEDILLO, PEÑALMONTE Y PEÑA ISASA
PEÑAS DE IREGUA, LEZA Y JUBERA
QUILAMAS
RIBERAS DE LOS RÍOS HUEBRA Y YELTES
SABINARES DEL ARLANZA
Serra da Malcata
Serra do Gerês
SIERRA DE ALCARAMA Y VALLE DEL ALHAMA
SIERRA DE GREDOS
SIERRA DE LA CABRERA
SIERRA DE LA DEMANDA
SIERRA DE LA TESLA-VALDIVIELSO
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE
SIERRA DE LOS ANCARES
SIERRA DE URBIÓN
SIERRAS DE DEMANDA, URBIÓN, CEBOLLERA Y CAMEROS
Vale do Côa
VALLE DE IRUELAS
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder