Northern Virginia Foodweb for Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)

Northern Virginia
Accipiter striatus
(Sharp-shinned Hawk)
Strix varia
(Barred Owl)
 
Molothrus ater
(Brown-headed Cowbird)
 
Philaenus spumarius
(meadow froghopper)
 
Acrosternum hilare
(Green stinkbug)
Argiope aurantia
(black-and-yellow argiope)
Cicindela sexguttata
(Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)
Gryllus pennsylvanicus
(fall field cricket)
Lymantria dispar
(gypsy moth)
Malacosoma americana
(Eastern tent caterpillar)
Phanaeus vindex
(Dung beetle)
Tenodera aridifolia
(Chinese mantid)
 
Calliphora vomitoria
(Blue bottle fly)
Calosoma scrutator
(Fiery searcher)
Carpinus caroliniana
(American hornbeam)
Chenopodium album
(lambsquarters goosefoot)
Datura stramonium
(moonflower)
Digitaria ischaemum
(small crabgrass)
Hamamelis virginiana
(American witchhazel)
Lindera benzoin
(northern spicebush)
Liquidambar styraciflua
(sweetgum)
Lithobius forficatus
(Brown centipede)
Micrathena gracilis
(Spined micrathena)
Narceus americanus
(North american millipede)
Odontopus calceatus
(Sassafras weevil)
Panicum virgatum
(old switch panic grass)
Phytolacca americana
(common pokeweed)
Pieris rapae
(imported cabbageworm)
Pinus taeda
(Loblolly pine)
Populus grandidentata
(bigtooth aspen)
Pterostichus melanarius
(Common black ground beetle)
Quercus alba
(White Oak)
Rabidosa rabida
(Rabid wolf spider)
Rubus laciniatus
(Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)
Sambucus nigra
(European black elderberry)
Smilax rotundifolia
(Horse Brier)
Triatoma sanguisuga
(Eastern blood-sucking cone)
Tuberolachnus salignus

 
Aristolochia jackii
(Virginia dutchmanspipe)
Cephalanthus tetrandra
(Buttonbush)
Crataegus viridis
(desert hawthorn)
Hypogastrura nivicola
(snow flea)
Pinus strobus
(Eastern white pine)
Pinus virginiana
(Virginia pine)
Prunus serotina
(Black Cherry)
Pteridium aquilinum
(northern bracken fern)
Quercus velutina
(Black Oak)
Taraxacum campylodes
(Dandelion)
Viola pedata
(birdfoot violet)
 
Acer rubrum
(red maple)
Acer saccharinum
(silver maple)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
(Common Ragweed)
Armillaria mellea
(Honey Fungus)
Betula nigra
(river birch)
Carya alba
(mockernut hickory)
Celastrus scandens
(American bittersweet)
Cichorium intybus
(chicory)
Cornus florida
(flowering dogwood)
Daucus carota
(bird's nest)
Fagus grandifolia
(American beech)
Flavoparmelia caperata
(flavoparmelia lichen)
Fragaria virginiana
(Virginia Strawberry)
Leucobryum glaucum
(leucobryum moss)
Pediastrum boryanum
(Green algae)
Pleurotus ostreatus
(Oyster Mushroom)
Poa pratensis
(Kentucky bluegrass)
Rudbeckia hirta
(Black-eyed Susan)
Salix nigra
(black willow)
Symplocarpus foetidus
(Skunk Cabbage)
Trifolium pratense
(Red Clover)
Ulmus americana
(American elm)
Vaccinium corymbosum
(highbush blueberry)
 
Ecosystem provided by Study of Northern Virginia Ecology