Northern Virginia Foodweb for Ilex opaca (American holly)

Northern Virginia
Accipiter striatus
(Sharp-shinned Hawk)
Anguilla rostrata
(American eel)
Buteo jamaicensis
(Red-tailed Hawk)
Chelydra serpentina
(Common Snapping Turtle)
Larus delawarensis
(Ring-billed Gull)
Phalacrocorax auritus
(Double-crested Cormorant)
Strix varia
(Barred Owl)
Vulpes vulpes
(Red Fox)
 
Anas platyrhynchos
(Mallard)
Baeolophus bicolor
(Tufted Titmouse)
Cardinalis cardinalis
(Northern Cardinal)
Cathartes aura
(Turkey Vulture)
Charadrius vociferus
(Killdeer)
Colinus virginianus
(Northern Bobwhite)
Corvus brachyrhynchos
(American Crow)
Didelphis virginiana
(Virginia Opossum)
Dryocopus pileatus
(Pileated Woodpecker)
Eptesicus fuscus
(big brown bat)
Megaceryle alcyon
(Belted Kingfisher)
Mephitis mephitis
(Striped Skunk)
Mimus polyglottos
(Northern Mockingbird)
Myiarchus crinitus
(Great Crested Flycatcher)
Ondatra zibethicus
(muskrat)
Picoides pubescens
(Downy Woodpecker)
Poecile carolinensis
(Carolina Chickadee)
Procyon lotor
(Raccoon)
Quiscalus quiscula
(Common Grackle)
Scalopus aquaticus
(Eastern Mole)
Sialia sialis
(Eastern Bluebird)
Sitta carolinensis
(White-breasted Nuthatch)
Spinus tristis
(American Goldfinch)
Sturnus vulgaris
(European Starling)
Thamnophis sirtalis
(Common Garter Snake)
Thryothorus ludovicianus
(Carolina Wren)
 
Agkistrodon contortrix
(Southern Copperhead)
Ardea herodias
(Great Blue Heron)
Heterodon platirhinos
(Eastern Hognose Snake)
Peromyscus leucopus
(white-footed mouse)
 
Eurycea guttolineata
(Three-lined Salamander)
Ictalurus punctatus
(Channel catfish)
Meleagris gallopavo
(Wild Turkey)
Nerodia sipedon
(Northern Water Snake)
Notophthalmus viridescens
(Eastern Newt)
Pomoxis nigromaculatus
(Strawberry bass)
Sciurus carolinensis
(eastern gray squirrel)
Sylvilagus floridanus
(Eastern Cottontail)
Tamias striatus
(eastern chipmunk)
 
Anaxyrus americanus americanus
(Eastern American Toad)
Cryptotis parva
(North American Least Shrew)
Micropterus salmoides
(Northern largemouth bass)
Microtus pennsylvanicus
(meadow vole)
 
Hippodamia convergens
(convergent lady beetle)
Lithobates catesbeianus
(American Bullfrog)
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus
(Florida Leopard Frog)
Lithobates sylvaticus
(Wood Frog)
Plethodon cinereus
(Eastern Red-backed Salamander)
Pseudacris crucifer
(Spring Peeper)
 
Ambystoma maculatum
(Spotted Salamander)
Apis mellifera
(honey bee)
Bombus fervidus
(Golden northern bumble bee)
Vespula maculifrons
(eastern yellowjacket)
 
Camponotus pennsylvanicus
(black carpenter ant)
 
Lepidosaphes ulmi
(apple oystershell scale)
 
Ilex opaca
(American holly)
 
Ecosystem provided by Study of Northern Virginia Ecology