Alaska Forest Foodweb for Picea mariana (Black spruce)

Alaska Forest
Accipiter striatus
(Sharp-shinned Hawk)
Canis lupus
(Wolf)
Falco columbarius
(Merlin)
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
(Bald Eagle)
Lynx canadensis
(lynx)
Ursus arctos
(Grizzly Bear)
 
Certhia americana
(Brown Creeper)
Erethizon dorsatum
(common porcupine)
Lanius excubitor
(Northern Shrike)
Picoides arcticus
(Black-backed Woodpecker)
Vulpes vulpes
(Red Fox)
 
Dendroctonus rufipennis
(spruce beetle)
Martes americana
(American Marten)
Phylloscopus borealis
(Arctic Warbler)
Poecile hudsonica
(Boreal Chickadee)
Zonotrichia leucophrys
(White-crowned Sparrow)
 
Adelges abietis
(Aphid)
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
(red squirrel)
 
Picea mariana
(Black spruce)
 
Ecosystem provided by Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection