Phillyrea angustifolia

Consumers (Predators)

Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)Food 1
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)Food 2
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)Food 3
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)Food 4
Filippia follicularisFood 5
Lepidosaphes flava (De Stefan scale)Food 5
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)Food 3
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)Food 3
Sylvia cantillans (Subalpine Warbler)Food 6
Sylvia communis (Common Whitethroat)Food 3
Sylvia melanocephala (Sardinian Warbler)Food 3
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)Food 3


Attributes / relations provided by 1Role of Various Woody Species in Spanish Mediterranean Forest and Scrubland as Food Resources for Spanish Ibex (Capra pyrenaica Schinz) and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus L.), T. Martínez, Agroforestry in Europe: Current Status and Future Prospects, pp. 233-253 (2009) 2Recruitment of a Mast-Fruiting, Bird-Dispersed Tree: Bridging Frugivore Activity and Seedling Establishment, Carlos M. Herrera, Pedro Jordano, Luis López-Soria, Juan A. Amat, Ecological Monographs, 64(3), 1994, pp. 315-344 3A STUDY OF AVIAN FRUGIVORES, BIRD-DISPERSED PLANTS, AND THElR INTERACTION IN MEDITERRANEAN SCRUBLANDS, CARLOS M. HERRERA, Ecological Monographs, 54(1), 1984, pp. 1-23 4Frugivorous diet of autumn migrant Pied Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca: a review and new data, A. Hernández, Butll. GCA 16: 53-60, 1999 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6Frugivory, external morphology and digestive system in Mediterranean sylviid warblers Sylvia spp., Pedro Jordano, IBIS 129: 175-189 (1987)
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