Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus silvestris

Pinus silvestris

Consumers (Predators)

Bison bonasus (European bison)Food 1
Lepidosaphes newsteadi (pine oysterhell scale)Food 2
Leucaspis lowi (Hartig's pine scale)Food 2
Leucaspis pusilla (pine scale)Food 2
Palaeococcus fuscipennisFood 2
Parlatoria parlatoriae (fir scale)Food 2

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Food eaten by the free-living European bison in Białowieża Forest, Zofia GĘBCZYŃSKA, Marek GĘBCZYŃSKI and Ewa MARTYNOWICZ, Acta Theriologica 36 (3-4), 307-313, 1991. 2Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
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