Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Puma > Puma yagouaroundi

Puma yagouaroundi (Jaguarundi)

Synonyms: Felis yaguarondi; Herpailurus yaguarondi

Wikipedia Abstract

The jaguarundi or eyra cat (Puma yagouaroundi), is a small wild cat native to Central and South America. In 2002, the IUCN classified the jaguarundi as Least Concern, although they considered it likely that no conservation units beyond the megareserves of the Amazon Basin could sustain long-term viable populations. Its presence in Uruguay is uncertain.In some Spanish-speaking countries, the jaguarundi is also called gato colorado, gato moro, león brenero, onza, tigrillo, and leoncillo.
View Wikipedia Record: Puma yagouaroundi


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.64
EDGE Score: 2.75


Adult Weight [1]  15.43 lbs (7.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 2 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  80 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  73 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago Golfo de Fonseca Marine National Park 9779 Honduras  
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Capiro - Calentura National Park II 13996 Honduras  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Celaque National Park II 66197 Honduras  
Cerro Azul Meámbar National Park II 51798 Honduras  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Cuero y Salado Wildlife Refuge IV 19771 Honduras    
Cusuco National Park II 44047 Honduras  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
El Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau Wetland Reserve   Yucatan, Mexico  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia Sombrero Private Reserve   Paraguay      
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Iwokrama Forest Forest Reserve IV 916761 Guyana
Jardin Botánico Lancetilla Biological Reserve IV   Honduras  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Muralla National Park II 36946 Honduras  
La Tigra National Park II 21813 Honduras
Lago de Yojoa Multiple Use Reserve   Honduras  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Merendón   Honduras      
Morombi Private Reserve Natural Private Reserve IV 68152 Paraguay  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Opalaca Biological Reserve IV 37315 Honduras  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Pico Bonito National Park II 138952 Honduras    
Pico Pijol National Park II 29599 Honduras  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Amistad Biosphere Reserve II 493313 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlan Biosphere Reserve VI 346925 Coahuila, Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Reserva Ecologica de Ñacuñan Ecological Reserve Ia   Argentina  
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva Estatal del Palmar Reserve 122954 Mexico    
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Sierra de Agalta National Park II 128902 Honduras  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tawahka Anthropological Reserve 626425 Honduras  
Teniente Enciso National Park II 102327 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Prey / Diet

Astyanax bimaculatus (Twospot astyanax)[4]
Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset)[4]
Cavia aperea (Brazilian guinea pig)[4]
Cebuella pygmaea pygmaea (pygmy marmoset)[5]
Cuniculus paca (Paca)[6]
Didelphis marsupialis (Common Opossum)[7]
Galea spixii (Yellow-toothed cavy)[4]
Kerodon rupestris (Rock cavy)[4]
Leontopithecus caissara (black-faced lion tamarin)[8]
Monodelphis domestica (Gray Short-tailed Opossum)[4]
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)[9]
Sigmodon hispidus (hispid cotton rat)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Atelocynus microtis (Short-eared Dog)1
Boa constrictor (Boa Constrictor)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)1
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)1
Eira barbara (Tayra)2
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)1
Galictis vittata (Greater Grison)3
Hoplias malabaricus (Trahira)1
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)4
Leopardus tigrinus (Oncilla)1
Leopardus wiedii (Margay)2
Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas Fox)1
Micrastur semitorquatus (Collared Forest-Falcon)1
Panthera onca (Jaguar)2
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)1
Plagioscion squamosissimus (South American silver croaker)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)2
Serrasalmus rhombeus (Yellow piranha)1
Speothos venaticus (Bush Dog)1


Parasitized by 
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[10]
Echinococcus oligarthrus <Unverified Name>[10]
Paragonimus inca <Unverified Name>[10]
Paragonimus mexicanus <Unverified Name>[10]
Polygenis klagesi samuelis[11]
Taenia macrocystis <Unverified Name>[10]
Taenia omissa <Unverified Name>[10]

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Herpailurus yagouaroundi, Tadeu G. de Oliveira, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 578, pp. 1-6 (1998)
5Callithrix pygmaea, Wendy R. Townsend, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 665, pp. 1–6 (2001)
6Agouti paca, Elizabeth M. Pérez, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 404, pp. 1-7 (1992)
7Movement patterns and food habits of four sympatric carnivore species in Belize, Central America, Michael John Konecny, Advances in Neotropical Mammalogy, 1984:243-264
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Nasua nasua, Matthew E. Gompper and Denise M. Decker, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 580, pp. 1-9 (1998)
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11International Flea Database
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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