Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Lycalopex > Lycalopex culpaeus
 

Lycalopex culpaeus (Culpeo)

Synonyms: Canis culpaeus; Pseudalopex culpaeus

Wikipedia Abstract

The culpeo (Lycalopex culpaeus), sometimes known as the zorro culpeo or Andean fox (wolf), is a South American species of fox. It is the second largest native canid on the continent, after the maned wolf. In its appearance it bears many similarities to the widely recognized red fox.
View Wikipedia Record: Lycalopex culpaeus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
8
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.6
EDGE Score: 1.28

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  28.66 lbs (13.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  168 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  61 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Weaning [1]  61 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Andean dry puna Argentina, Bolivia, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean wet puna Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Cordillera Central páramo Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Andean páramo Ecuador, Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosques Petrificados Monumental Natural National Monument III 151218 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael National Park II 4560904 Aisén, Chile  
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Reserva de Huascarán National Park II 844711 Ancash, Peru  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva de la Biosfera San Guillermo Biosphere Reserve 2446343 Argentina  
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve 559837 Bolivia  
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Hippocamelus bisulcus (Chilean Guemal)[3]
Porlieria chilensis[4]
Schinus molle (false pepper)[4]
Schinus polygama (Hardee peppertree)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ara rubrogenys (Red-fronted Macaw)1
Eulidia yarrellii (Chilean Woodstar)1
Ortalis canicollis (Chaco Chachalaca)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)1
Tremarctos ornatus (Spectacled Bear)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dipylidium caninum (cucumber tapeworm)[5]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Oncicola canis[5]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[6]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[5]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Diet and habitat of the huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus) in Bernardo O’ Higgins National Park, Chile, Jasper van Winden, MSc-thesis, April 2006, Utrecht University 4Frugivory and seed dispersal by foxes in relation to mammalian prey abundance in a semiarid thornscrub, SERGIO I. SILVA, FRANCISCO BOZINOVIC AND FABIAN M. JAKSIC, Austral Ecology (2005) 30, 739–746 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access