Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Lycalopex > Lycalopex gymnocercus
 

Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas Fox)

Synonyms: Pseudalopex gymnocercus

Wikipedia Abstract

The pampas fox (Lycalopex gymnocercus), also known as Azara's fox, or Azara's zorro, is a medium sized zorro, or "false" fox, native to the South American pampas. The alternative common names are references to Spanish naturalist Félix de Azara.
View Wikipedia Record: Lycalopex gymnocercus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
8
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.6
EDGE Score: 1.28

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  18.74 lbs (8.50 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  57 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [3]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [3]  60 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
Estancia Sombrero Private Reserve   Paraguay      
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Reserva Ecologica de Ñacuñan Ecological Reserve Ia   Argentina  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Emblem of

Paraguay

Prey / Diet

Akodon azarae (Azara's grass mouse)[4]
Cavia aperea (Brazilian guinea pig)[4]
Celtis ehrenbergiana (desert hackberry (spiny))[3]
Chaetophractus vellerosus (Screaming Hairy Armadillo)[3]
Chaetophractus villosus (Large Hairy Armadillo)[3]
Condalia microphylla[3]
Ctenomys conoveri (Chaco tuco-tuco)[5]
Dasypus hybridus (Southern Long-nosed Armadillo)[3]
Didelphis albiventris (White-eared Opossum)[3]
Holochilus brasiliensis (web-footed marsh rat)[4]
Lagostomus maximus (Plains viscacha)[6]
Lepus europaeus (European Hare)[4]
Mus musculus (house mouse)[4]
Necromys obscurus (dark bolo mouse)[4]
Oligoryzomys flavescens (yellow pygmy rice rat)[4]
Prosopis caldenia (mesquite)[3]
Vachellia aroma (Aromita)[3]
Zaedyus pichiy (Pichi)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)1
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)2
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)1
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)2
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)2
Harpyhaliaetus coronatus (Crowned Solitary Eagle)2
Lagostomus maximus (Plains viscacha)1
Leopardus braccatus (Pantanal Cat)1
Leopardus geoffroyi (Geoffroy's Cat)1
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)1
Lycalopex griseus (South American Gray Fox)2
Ortalis canicollis (Chaco Chachalaca)1
Phytotoma rutila (White-tipped Plantcutter)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)2
Puma yagouaroundi (Jaguarundi)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1

Predators

Puma concolor (Cougar)[3]

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Lycalopex gymnocercus (Carnivora: Canidae), MAURO LUCHERINI AND ESTELA M. LUENGOS VIDAL, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 820:1–9 (2008) 4Small-scale spatial variability in the diet of pampas foxes (Pseudalopex gymnocercus) and human-induced changes in prey base, Ariel A. Farias, Marcelo J. Kittlein, Ecol Res (2008) 23: 543–550 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Lagostomus maximus, John E. Jackson, Lyn C. Branch, and Diego Villarreal, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 543, pp. 1-6 (1996)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access