Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Canis lupus > Canis lupus rufus

Canis lupus rufus (Red Wolf)

Synonyms: Canis rufus

Wikipedia Abstract

The red wolf (Canis rufus/Canis lupus rufus), also known as the Florida wolf or Mississippi Valley wolf is a canid of unresolved taxonomic identity native to the eastern United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Canis lupus rufus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Canis lupus rufus


Adult Weight [1]  58.20 lbs (26.40 kg)
Female Weight [1]  53.57 lbs (24.30 kg)
Male Weight [1]  62.83 lbs (28.50 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  17.3 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [3]  61 days
Litter Size [3]  7
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge 239875 North Carolina, United States  
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge   North Carolina, United States      
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  

Prey / Diet

Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[1]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Puma concolor (Cougar)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1


Parasitized by 
Amblyomma americanum (Lone Star tick)[4]
Amblyomma paulopunctatum[4]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[4]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[5]
Eurytrema procyonis <Unverified Name>[5]
Heterobilharzia americana[5]
Ixodes scapularis (Black legged tick)[1]
Odontopsyllus multispinosus[6]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alexandria Zoological Park
Brevard Zoo
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Endangered Wolf Center
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Great Plains Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Mill Mountain Zoo
Miller Park Zoo
Niabi Zoo
North Carolina Zoological Park
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Salisbury Zoological Park
Tallahassee Museum of History and
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Texas Zoo
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Virginia Living Museum
Western North Carolina Nature Centergregoryi
Wolf Parkrufus




Attributes / relations provided by 14.2 Red wolf, Canis rufus, B.T. Kelly, A. Beyer and M.K. Phillips, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 3Canis rufus, John L. Paradiso and Ronald M. Nowak, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 22, pp. 1-4 (1972) 4Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6International Flea Database
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access