Animalia > Mollusca > Bivalvia > Veneroida > Dreissenoidea > Dreissenidae > Dreissena > Dreissena polymorpha

Dreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel; Moule zebra; Zebra-Muschel)

Synonyms: Dreissena andrusovi; Dreissena aralensis; Dreissena arnouldi; Dreissena bedoti; Dreissena belgrandi; Dreissena complanata; Dreissena curta; Dreissena eximia; Dreissena ksteri; Dreissena locardi; Dreissena lutetiana; Dreissena magnifica; Dreissena obtusecarinata; Dreissena occidentalis; Dreissena paradoxa; Dreissena polymorpha var. lacustrina; Dreissena recta; Dreissena servaini; Dreissena sulcata; Dreissena tumida; Dreissena ventrosa; Dreissena westerlundi; Mytilus arca; Mytilus chemnitzii; Mytilus fluvis; Mytilus hagenii; Mytilus polymorphus; Mytilus polymorphus fluviatilis; Mytilus volgensis; Pinna fluviatilis; Tichogonia chemnitzii

Wikipedia Abstract

The zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, is a small freshwater mussel. This species was originally native to the streams of southern Russia being first described in 1769 by a German zoologist Peter Simon Pallas in the Ural, Volga and Dnieper rivers. They are still found nearby, as Pontic and Caspian (Caspian Sea) species. However, it has been accidentally introduced in many other areas, and has become an invasive species in many different countries worldwide.
View Wikipedia Record: Dreissena polymorpha

Invasive Species

Dysdera crocata has been introduced and may be established in parts of St Helena, however, its biostatus is not known for certain and as it is has not been monitored. D. crocata is a known Mediterranean-originating invasive in California, USA. It is unknown what affect it may be having on endemic invertebrates that inhabit similar niches.
View ISSG Record: Dreissena polymorpha


Diet [1]  Planktivore
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Biotopverbund Spreeaue 1540 Germany  



Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)[2]
Blicca bjoerkna (White bream)[3]
Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish)[4]
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)[4]
Vimba vimba (Vimba bream)[5]


Parasitized by 
Aspidogaster conchicola[6]
Aspidogaster limacoides[6]
Bucephalus polymorphus[6]
Echinostoma revolutum[6]
Neoacanthoparyphium echinatoides <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum angulatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum folium[6]
Phyllodistomum macrocotyle <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar


North America;



Species recognized by Rosenberg G., 2011-10-23, WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2Patterns of prey use by lesser scaup Aythya affinis (Aves) and diet overlap with fishes during spring migration, Kimberly A. Strand, Steven R. Chipps, Sharon N. Kahara, Kenneth F. Higgins, Spencer Vaa, Hydrobiologia (2008) 598:389–398 3Specziár, A., Tölg, L. and Bíró, P. (1997), Feeding strategy and growth of cyprinids in the littoral zone of Lake Balaton. Journal of Fish Biology, 51: 1109–1124 4NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 5Feeding ecology of vimba (Vimba vimba L., 1758) in terms of size groups and seasons in Lake Sapanca, northwestern Anatolia, Hacer Canan OKGERMAN, Cumhur Haldun YARDIMCI, Zeynep DORAK, Neşe YILMAZ, Turk J Zool (2013) 37: 288-297 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011