Animalia > Mollusca > Cephalopoda > Octopoda > Octopodoidea > Octopodidae > Octopus > Octopus vulgaris
 

Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)

Synonyms: Octopus albus; Octopus americanus; Octopus bitentaculatus; Octopus brevitentaculatus; Octopus cassiopea; Octopus coerulescentes; Octopus heteropus; Octopus maculatus; Octopus moschatus; Octopus niger; Octopus octopodia; Octopus pilosus; Octopus rabassin; Octopus ruber; Octopus sinensis; Octopus tetradynamus; Octopus tritentaculatus; Octopus troscheli; Octopus troschelii; Octopus tuberculatus; Sepia octopus; Sepia polypus; Sepia rugosa

Wikipedia Abstract

The common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) is the most studied of all octopus species.
View Wikipedia Record: Octopus vulgaris

Attributes

Speed [2]  24.83 MPH (11.1 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Reef, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Anadara notabilis (eared ark)[3]
Anapagurus laevis[3]
Antillipecten antillarum (Antillean scallop)[4]
Arca zebra (turkey wing)[3]
Arcopagia fausta (favored tellin)[3]
Artigona rigida <Unverified Name>[3]
Brachidontes domingensis (Santo Domingo mussel)[4]
Brachiodontes dominguensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Calappa granulata (Shame-faced crab)[3]
Carcinus aestuarii[4]
Cassis tuberosa (Caribbean helmet)[4]
Cepola macrophthalma (Red bandfish)[3]
Chiton tuberculatis <Unverified Name>[3]
Chiton tuberculatus (west indian green chiton)[4]
Choromytilus meridionalis (black mussel)[4]
Columbella mercatoria[4]
Conus mozambicus (elongate cone)[4]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[3]
Cymatium femorale (angular triton)[4]
Cymbula compressa[4]
Cypraecassis testiculus (reticulate cowrie-helmet)[4]
Dendrofissurella scutellum (saddle-shaped keyhole limpet)[4]
Dermomurex pauperculus (beggar aspella)[4]
Donax serra (wedge shell)[4]
Dorippe lanata <Unverified Name>[3]
Dromia personata (sponge crab)[3]
Eledone schultzei[4]
Eriphia verrucosa (warty crab)[4]
Ethusa mascarone[3]
Eulithidium thalassicola (turtlegrass pheasant)[4]
Fissurella barbadensis (Barbados keyhole limpet)[3]
Fulvia laevigata[4]
Gibbula zonata[4]
Glycymeris decussata (decussate bittersweet)[3]
Gonoplax rhomoides <Unverified Name>[3]
Guinusia chabrus (red rock crab)[4]
Haliotis midae (South African abalone)[4]
Haliotis spadicea (blood-spotted abalone)[4]
Haliotis tuberculata (Tuberculate abalone)[4]
Jasus lalandii (Cape rock lobster)[4]
Laetmonice hystrix[3]
Limaria pellucida (Antillean fileclam)[3]
Liocarcinus corrugatus (wrinkled swimming crab)[3]
Liza richardsonii (Mullet)[4]
Lobatus costatus (milk conch)[3]
Lobatus gallus (roostertail conch)[4]
Lobatus gigas (pink or queen conch)[3]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[4]
Lutraria lutraria (otter shell)[4]
Macropipus depurator[3]
Medorippe lanata[4]
Melicertus kerathurus (camarón langostino español)[3]
Mithraculus forceps (red-ridged clinging crab)[3]
Mitrella longissima (West Indian dovesnail)[3]
Modulus modulus (buttonsnail)[4]
Monoplex nicobaricus (goldmouth triton)[4]
Mytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)[4]
Nodipecten nodosus (lions-paw scallop)[4]
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)[4]
Oxystele sinensis (pink-lipped topshell)[4]
Pachygrapsus transversus (mottled shore crab)[3]
Palinurus elephas (common spiny lobster)[4]
Pandalina brevirostris[3]
Panulirus homarus (scalloped spiny lobster)[3]
Parechinus angulosus[4]
Patella caerulea (Rayed Mediterranean Limpet)[4]
Perna perna (Brown mussel)[3]
Phyllodesmium serratum (coral nudibranch)[4]
Pinna carnea (amber penshell)[4]
Pisa armata (Spider crab)[3]
Pisa nodipes[3]
Pisida longicornis <Unverified Name>[3]
Pontocaris catafracta <Unverified Name>[3]
Porcellana longicornis (long-clawed porcelain crab)[4]
Salmacoma litoralis[4]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[4]
Scutellastra barbara[4]
Scutellastra longicosta[4]
Semele proficua (Atlantic semele)[3]
Sinum perspectivum (white baby ear)[4]
Smaragdia viridis (emerald nerite)[4]
Solenocera membranacea (Atlantic mud shrimp)[3]
Squilla mantis[3]
Tambja capensis (black nudibranch)[4]
Tellina radiata (sunrise tellin)[4]
Tellinella listeri (speckled tellin)[4]
Tivela compressa (streaked sand clam)[4]
Tucetona pectinata (comb bittersweet)[3]
Turbo cidaris[4]
Turbo sarmaticus (giant periwinkle)[4]
Venus verrucosa (Warty venus)[4]
Volvarina zonata[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Calliactis parasitica (Hermit anemone)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)2
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)1
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)2
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)2
Mullus surmuletus (Red mullet)2
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)1
Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew)1
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)1
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)1
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)1
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)1
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Raja clavata (Roker)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)2
Scorpaena scrofa (Bigscale scorpionfish)2
Zeus faber (European john dory)1

Predators

Aetobatus narinari (White-spotted eagle ray)[4]
Alphestes afer (Small grouper)[4]
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)[5]
Arctocephalus pusillus (Brown Fur Seal)[3]
Carcharhinus brevipinna (Spinner shark)[6]
Conger conger (Conger)[4]
Diplodus capensis (White seabream)[7]
Diplodus hottentotus (Zebra)[7]
Epinephelus guttatus (Rockhind)[4]
Epinephelus marginatus (Yellowbelly rockcod)[8]
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)[4]
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)[4]
Gymnothorax vicinus (Purple-mouthed moray eel)[4]
Haemulon flavolineatum (Yellow grunt)[4]
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)[4]
Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose six-gill shark)[9]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[3]
Lontra felina (Marine Otter)[4]
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)[4]
Lutjanus campechanus (Red snapper)[4]
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)[3]
Mullus surmuletus (Red mullet)[10]
Mustelus punctulatus (Black spotted smooth hound)[11]
Notorynchus cepedianus (Tiger shark)[4]
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)[4]
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)[4]
Otaria flavescens (South American Sealion)[4]
Polymixia nobilis (Atlantic beardfish)[12]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[4]
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)[6]
Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike)[4]
Squalus megalops (Short-nose spurdog)[4]
Stenella frontalis (Atlantic Spotted Dolphin)[4]
Steno bredanensis (Rough-toothed Dolphin)[4]
Triakis megalopterus (Spotty)[4]
Triakis scyllium (Banded houndshark)[4]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[13]
Conocyema polymorpha[13]
Dicyema paradoxum[13]
Dicyema typus[13]
Dicyemennea lameerei[13]
Nybelinia lingualis[13]
Podocotyle scorpaenae[13]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 3CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Aonyx capensis, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 671, pp. 1–6 (2001) 6Captures and Diet of Three Sharks Species in the Veracruz Reef System, José Otilio Avendaño-Alvarez, Horacio Pérez-España, David Salas-Monreal, Emiliano García-Rodríguez, Open Journal of Marine Science, 2013, 3, 66-73 7Diets of Diplodus sargus capensis and D. cervinus hottentotus (Pisces: Sparidae) on the Tsitsikamma coast, South Africa, B.Q. MANN and C.D. BUXTON, KOEDOE 35/2, pp. 27-36 (1992) 8ANALYSIS OF TROPHIC ONTOGENY IN EPINEPHELUS MARGINATUS (SERRANIDAE), Marta LINDE, Antoni M. GRAU, Francesca RIERA & Enric MASSUTÍ-PASCUAL, Cybium 2004, 28(1): 27-35 9BLUNTNOSE SIXGILL SHARK, HEXANCHUS GRISEUS (BONNATERRE, 1788), IN THE EASTERN NORTH SICILIAN WATERS, Antonio Celona, Alessandro De Maddalena, Teresa Romeo, Boll. Mus. civ. St. nat. Venezia, 56 (2005) p. 137-151 10Régime alimentaire du Rouget de roche (Mullus surmuletus L.) (Téléostéen, Mullidae) de la côte nord-ouest méditerranéenne du Maroc (région de M’diq), Maryam EL BAKALI, Mostafa TALBAOUI & Abdenbi BENDRISS, Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique, Rabat, section Sciences de la Vie, 2010, n°32 (2), 87-93. 11Reproductive biology and diet of Mustelus punctulatus (Risso, 1826) (Chondrichthyes: Triakidae) from the Gulf of Gabe&#768;s, central Mediterranean Sea, Bechir Saïdi, Mohamed Nejmeddine Bradaï and Abderrahman Bouaïn, Scientia Marina 73(2) June 2009, 249-258, Barcelona (Spain) 12Reproduction, growth and feeding habits of stout beardfish Polymixia nobilis (Polymixiidae) off the Canary Islands (NE Atlantic), A. M. García-Mederos, V. M. Tuset, J. I. Santana and J. A. González, J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26 (2010), 872–880 13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access