Animalia > Arthropoda > Malacostraca > Decapoda > Cancroidea > Cancridae > Metacarcinus > Metacarcinus magister

Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)

Synonyms: Cancer magister

Wikipedia Abstract

The Dungeness crab, Metacarcinus magister (formerly Cancer magister), is a species of crab that inhabits eelgrass beds and water bottoms on the west coast of North America. It typically grows to 20 cm (7.9 in) across the carapace and is a popular seafood prized for its sweet and tender flesh. Its common name comes from the port of Dungeness, Washington.
View Wikipedia Record: Metacarcinus magister


Diet [1]  Carnivore
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Coastal, Brackish Water

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Ameritella carpenteri (Carpenter tellin)[2]
Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[2]
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)[2]
Crangon alaskensis[2]
Crangon franciscorum (California bay shrimp)[2]
Crangon nigricauda (blacktail bay shrimp)[2]
Cryptomya californica (california softshell clam)[2]
Lissocrangon stylirostris (smooth bay shrimp)[2]
Mactromeris polynyma (Arctic surfclam)[2]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[2]
Microgadus proximus (Tommy cod)[2]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[2]
Siliqua patula (northern razor)[2]
Spirinchus thaleichthys (Sacramento smelt)[2]
Velella velella (by-the wind sailor)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)4
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)1
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Psettichthys melanostictus (Pacific sand sole)1
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)1
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)1
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1


Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[4]
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)[4]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[4]
Enteroctopus dofleini (North Pacific giant octopus)[3]
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)[4]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[3]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[4]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[3]
Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Red Irish lord)[5]
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)[5]
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)[3]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[3]
Hydrolagus colliei (Spotted rattfish)[5]
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)[5]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[4]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[2]
Microstomus pacificus (Slippery sole)[4]
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)[3]
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon)[4]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[4]
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)[3]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[4]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[4]
Rhacochilus vacca (Pile surfperch)[5]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[4]
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus (Sculpin)[5]
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)[5]
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[4]
Triakis semifasciata (Leopard shark)[3]


Parasitized by 
Microphallus similis[6]
Pseudospelotrema japonicum[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr


East Pacific;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Feeding Habits of the Dungeness Crab Cancer magister as Determined by the Index of Relative Importance, B. G. Stevens, D. A. Armstrong and R. Cusimano, Marine Biology 72, 135-145 (1982)
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access