Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Ericales > Sapotaceae > Manilkara > Manilkara zapota

Manilkara zapota (sapodilla)

Synonyms: Achradelpha mammosa; Achras breviloba; Achras calderonii; Achras conzattii; Achras coriacea; Achras dactylina; Achras gaumeri; Achras latiloba; Achras lobulata; Achras lucuma; Achras mammosa; Achras meridionalis; Achras occidentalis; Achras paludosa; Achras petenensis; Achras rojasii; Achras sapatilla; Achras sapota; Achras sapota f. asperma; Achras sapota var. candollei; Achras sapota var. globosa; Achras sapota var. lobata; Achras sapota var. ovalis; Achras sapota var. pedicellaris; Achras sapota var. sphaerica; Achras sapota var. typica; Achras striata; Achras tabogaensis; Achras tainteriana; Achras tchicomame; Achras verrucosa; Achras zapota; Achras zapota var. major; Achras zapota var. zapotilla; Achras zapotilla; Calocarpum mammosum; Calospermum mammosum; Gambeya mammosa; Lucuma mammosa; Lucuma zapota; Lucuma zapota var. anguai; Manilkara achras; Manilkara breviloba; Manilkara calderonii; Manilkara conzattii; Manilkara gaumeri; Manilkara grisebachii; Manilkara meridionalis; Manilkara meridionalis var. caribbensis; Manilkara rojasii; Manilkara striata; Manilkara tabogaensis; Manilkara zapotilla; Manilkariopsis lobulata; Manilkariopsis meridionalis; Manilkariopsis petenensis; Manilkariopsis rojasii; Manilkariopsis striata; Manilkariopsis tabogaensis; Mimusops grisebachii; Nispero achras; Pouteria mammosa; Sapota achras; Sapota achras var. lobata; Sapota achras var. sphaerica; Sapota zapotilla; Vitellaria mammosa

Wikipedia Abstract

Pouteria sapota, mamey sapote, is a species of tree native to Middle America, naturally ranging from southern Mexico to southern Costa Rica, plus Cuba. Today, the tree is cultivated not only in Mexico, but also in Central America, the Caribbean, and South Florida for its fruit, which is commonly eaten in many Latin American countries, especially (Cuba). The Australian and Queensland Government’s research and development programs have produced mamey sapote.
View Wikipedia Record: Manilkara zapota


Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  43 feet (13 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  82 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Brown
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Year Round
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Year Round
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Janka Hardness [4]  3190 lbf (1447 kgf) Very Hard
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  5.0 feet (152 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [5]  0.81
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Rincón de la Vieja National Park II 35068 Costa Rica  
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  


Acrocercops symbolopis[6]
Anastrepha antunesi[7]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[7]
Anastrepha nigrifascia[7]
Anastrepha ocresia[7]
Anastrepha serpentina (sapote fruit fly)[7]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[7]
Ariteus flavescens (Jamaican fig-eating bat)[8]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[9]
Atta cephalotes (Leafcutter ant)[10]
Banisia myrsusalis[6]
Banisia myrtaea[6]
Brachyphylla cavernarum (Antillean fruit-eating bat)[11]
Ceroplastes cirripediformis (barnacle scale)[12]
Ceroprepes naga[6]
Cirina forda (Pallid Emperor Moth)[6]
Coccidiphaga scitula[6]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[12]
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)[13]
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)[14]
Dasychira proleprota[6]
Dichrorampha sapodilla[6]
Duplaspidiotus angularis[12]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[12]
Dysmicoccus debregeasiae <Unverified Name>[12]
Dysmicoccus lepelleyi <Unverified Name>[12]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[12]
Eira barbara (Tayra)[15]
Eustalodes achrasella[6]
Evenus regalis[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[12]
Formicococcus matileae <Unverified Name>[12]
Gatesclarkeana erotias[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[12]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[12]
Icerya aegyptiaca[12]
Icerya formicarum[12]
Indomyrlaea eugraphella[6]
Kilifia acuminata (acuminate scale)[12]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[12]
Melanoptila glabrirostris (Black Catbird)[16]
Miresa bracteata[6]
Mycetaspis personata (masked scale)[12]
Nephopterix piratis[6]
Netria viridescens[6]
Nipaecoccus gilli[12]
Nipaecoccus guazumae[12]
Orgyia osseata[6]
Paracoelostoma peruviana[12]
Parectopa grisella[6]
Patagioenas corensis (Bare-eyed Pigeon)[17]
Phycita erythrolophia[6]
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)[18]
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)[19]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[12]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[12]
Planostocha cumulata[6]
Procyon pygmaeus (Cozumel Raccoon)[20]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[12]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[21]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[12]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[12]
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)[21]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[12]
Saissetia neglecta (Caribbean black scale)[12]
Saissetia zanzibarensis[12]
Selepa celtis[6]
Spalgis epeus[6]
Terrapene carolina bauri (Florida box turtle)[22]
Thiallela ligeralis[6]
Tirathaba ruptilinea[6]
Unaspis atricolor[12]
Xyleutes punctifera[6]
Zamagiria laidion[6]


Pollinated by 
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)[18]


Mexico to C. America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
8Ariteus flavescens, Richard E. Sherwin and William L. Gannon, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 787, pp. 1-3 (2005)
9Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001)
10Host-plant selection, diet diversity, and optimal foraging in a tropical leafcutting ant, L.L. Rockwood and S.P. Hubbell, Oecologia (Berlin) (1987) 74:55-61
11Brachyphylla cavernarum, Pierre Swanepoel and Hugh H. Genoways, Mammalian Species No. 205, pp. 1-6 (1983)
12Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
13Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
14Cynopterus sphinx, Jay F. Storz and Thomas H. Kunz, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 613, pp. 1-8 (1999)
15Movement patterns and food habits of four sympatric carnivore species in Belize, Central America, Michael John Konecny, Advances in Neotropical Mammalogy, 1984:243-264
16Ecology of the Black Catbird, Melanoptila glabrirostris, at Shipstern Nature Reserve (Belize), and distribution in Yucatan., Annick Morgenthaler, Thesis, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland Institut of Zoology, 2003
17del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
18Phyllostomus discolor, Gary G. Kwiecinski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 801, pp. 1–11 (2006)
19Phyllostomus hastatus, Mery Santos, Luis F. Aguirre, Luis B. Vázquez, and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 722, pp. 1–6 (2003)
21Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
22Seed dispersal by the Florida box turtle (Terrapene carolina bauri) in pine rockland forests of the lower Florida Keys, United States, Hong Liu, Steven G. Platt, Christopher K. Borg, Oecologia (2004) 138: 539–546
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