Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Gentianales > Rubiaceae > Morinda > Morinda citrifolia
 

Morinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)

Synonyms: Morinda angustifolia; Morinda aspera; Morinda bracteata; Morinda chachuca; Morinda chrysorhiza; Morinda citrifolia f. potteri; Morinda citrifolia var. bracteata; Morinda citrifolia var. elliptica; Morinda citrifolia var. potteri; Morinda coreia var. stenophylla; Morinda elliptica; Morinda ligulata; Morinda littoralis; Morinda macrophylla; Morinda mudia; Morinda multiflora; Morinda nodosa; Morinda quadrangularis; Morinda stenophylla; Morinda teysmanniana; Morinda tinctoria; Morinda tinctoria var. aspera; Morinda tinctoria var. multiflora; Morinda tomentosa; Morinda zollingeriana; Platanocephalus orientalis; Psychotria chrysorhiza; Samama citrifolia; Sarcocephalus leichhardtii

Wikipedia Abstract

Morinda citrifolia is a tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. Its native range extends through Southeast Asia and Australasia, and the species is now cultivated throughout the tropics and widely naturalised. It is commonly known as great morinda, Indian mulberry, nunaakai (Tamil Nadu, India), dog dumpling (Barbados), mengkudu (Indonesia and Malaysia), apatot (Philippines), kumudu (Bali), pace (Java), beach mulberry, cheese fruit.
View Wikipedia Record: Morinda citrifolia

Attributes

Height [1]  18 feet (5.6 m)
Width [1]  15.1 feet (4.6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  81 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Yellow
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  30200 / lb (66580 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [4]  0.63
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cahuita National Park II 34272 Costa Rica  
Kakadu National Park II 4744348 Northern Territory, Australia
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Tortuguero National Park II 47632 Costa Rica

Predators

Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Aonidiella comperei (Compere scale)[5]
Aulacaspis thoracica (morinda scale)[5]
Bombyx mori (silk moth)[6]
Cephonodes armatus[6]
Cerococcus bryoides[5]
Coccus capparidis (capparis soft scale)[5]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[5]
Dysmicoccus nesophilus[5]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[5]
Euproctis lunata[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[5]
Gnathothlibus erotus (White-brow hawkmoth)[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Hippotion velox[6]
Macroglossum belis[6]
Macroglossum corythus (Hummingbird hawk moth)[6]
Macroglossum hirundo[6]
Macroglossum sitiene[6]
Milviscutulus mangiferae (mango shield scale)[5]
Milviscutulus spiculatus[5]
Papilio ambrax (Swallowtail)[6]
Papilio fuscus (Smaller Helen swallowtail)[6]
Pinnaspis buxi (bamboo mussel-scale)[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[5]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[5]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[5]

Distribution

Trop. & E. Asia to SW. Pacific; Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to N. Australia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Govaerts R., 2003-11-11, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access