Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Viperidae

Viperidae (pit vipers and vipers)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Viperidae (vipers) are a family of venomous snakes found in most parts of the world, excluding Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar, Hawaii, various other isolated islands, and north of the Arctic Circle. All have relatively long, hinged fangs that permit deep penetration and injection of venom. Four subfamilies are currently recognised. They are also known as viperids. The name "viper" is derived from the Latin word, vipera, -ae, which means "viper".
View Wikipedia Record: Viperidae

Genus

Agkistrodon (copperheads) (6)
Atheris (bush vipers) (16)
Atropoides (jumping pit vipers) (6)   (1)
Azemiops (Fea's viper) (2)
Bitis (adders and puff adders) (17)   (2)
Bothriechis (palm pit vipers) (10)   (1)
Bothrocophias (Pitviper) (6)
Bothrops (lanceheads) (44)   (3)
Calloselasma (Malayan pit viper) (1)
Causus (night adders) (7)
Cerastes (horned vipers) (4)
Cerrophidion (montane pit vipers) (5)
Crotalus (rattlesnakes) (41)   (2)
Daboia (Russell's viper) (5)
Deinagkistrodon (hundred-pace viper) (1)
Echis (saw-scaled vipers) (11)
Eristicophis (McMahon's viper) (1)
Garthius (1)
Gloydius (Pitviper) (13)
Hypnale (humpnose vipers) (3)
Lachesis (bushmasters) (4)
Macrovipera (large Palearctic vipers) (2)   (1)
Mixcoatlus (3)   (2)
Montatheris (montane viper) (1)
Montivipera (8)   (4)
Ophryacus (Mexican pit vipers) (1)
Ovophis (Asian mountain vipers and South Asian pit vipers) (6)
Porthidium (hognose pit vipers) (9)
Proatheris (lowland swamp viper) (1)
Protobothrops (Asian lance-headed pit vipers) (14)   (3)
Pseudocerastes (false horned vipers) (3)
Sistrurus (massasaugas and pigmy rattlesnakes) (2)
Trimeresurus (Asian pit vipers and palm vipers) (50)   (3)
Tropidolaemus (temple pit vipers) (5)
Vipera (sand vipers) (23)   (6)

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