Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fagales > Betulaceae > Betula > Betula intermedia

Betula intermedia (dwarf birch)

Synonyms: Betula alba var. intermedia; Betula nana var. intermedia


Height [3]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Width [3]  18 inches (0.45 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 2 Low Temperature: -50 F° (-45.6 C°) → -40 F° (-40 C°)
Light Preference [5]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [5]  Very Acid
Soil Fertility [5]  Infertile
Soil Moisture [5]  Damp
Water Use [2]  Low
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  80 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  18 inches (46 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  599999 / lb (1322772 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Decumbent
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  Plants can be used for ground cover, forming a spreading hummock up to 1.2 metres across; An infusion of the plant is used as a hair conditioner and dandruff treatment; A yellow dye is obtained from the leaves; The plant has been used as a tinder, even when wet, and for cooking fires when there is a lack of larger wood; It is likely that the bark was used for tinder;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Betula intermedia

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Ib 2823882 Alaska, United States
Cenas tirelis 5271 Latvia    
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Gulbju un Platpirovas purvs 4260 Latvia  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Klesniku purvs 4910 Latvia  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kobuk Valley National Park Ib 1576553 Alaska, United States
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Nationalpark Harz (Niedersachsen) 38969 Germany  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Teicu dabas rezervats 48554 Latvia  
Torfowiska Gór Izerskich 12318 Poland  
Torfowisko Linie 13 Poland  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ziemelu purvi 13144 Latvia  



Acalitus rudis <Unverified Name>[6]
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)[7]
Acaphylla acromius <Unverified Name>[6]
Acleris celiana[8]
Acleris logiana[8]
Agrochola helvola (Flounced Chestnut)[8]
Alces alces (moose)[7]
Archiearis infans (first born geometer)[8]
Archiearis parthenias (Orange Underwing)[8]
Arctorthezia cataphracta (alpine ensign scale)[6]
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)[7]
Campaea perlata (light emerald)[8]
Chionodes viduella[8]
Coeliodinus rubicundus <Unverified Name>[6]
Coenophila subrosea (Rosy Marsh Moth)[8]
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)[6]
Cyclophora albipunctata (Birch Mocha)[8]
Cyclophora pendulinaria (sweet fern geometer)[8]
Drepana arcuata[8]
Drepana falcataria (Pebble Hook-tip)[8]
Ectoedemia minimella[6]
Ectropis crepuscularia (small engrailed)[8]
Entephria caesiata (Grey Mountain Carpet)[8]
Entephria polata[8]
Epinotia solicitana[8]
Eriogaster arbusculae[8]
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)[8]
Eufidonia discospilata[8]
Eulecanium douglasi (currant soft scale)[9]
Eulithis populata (Northern Spinach Moth)[8]
Eupithecia misturata[8]
Gonioctena pallida <Unverified Name>[6]
Hydriomena furcata (July Highflyer)[8]
Itame anataria[8]
Itame occiduaria[8]
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)[7]
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)[8]
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)[7]
Massalongia rubra[6]
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)[8]
Oligotrophus skuhravae[6]
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)[7]
Pammene clanculana[8]
Pandemis canadana[8]
Pararctia lapponica[8]
Paraswammerdamia lapponica[8]
Parornix polygrammella[8]
Pero morrisonaria (Morrison's Pero)[8]
Phalacropterix graslinella[8]
Phyllodesma americana (lappet moth)[8]
Plagodis phlogosaria (Straight-lined Plagodis)[8]
Pulvinaria vitis (cottony vine scale)[9]
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)[7]
Rheumaptera hastata (spear-marked black)[8]
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)[8]
Selenia alciphearia[8]
Semiothisa ulsterata[8]
Spilococcus nanae (birch mealybug)[9]
Spiramater lutra[8]
Stigmella betulicola[8]
Stigmella luteella[8]
Swammerdamia passerella[8]
Swammerdamia pyrella[8]
Sympistis funebris[8]
Synanthedon polaris[8]
Syngrapha diasema[8]
Syngrapha interrogationis (Scarce Silver Y)[8]
Syngrapha microgamma (Little Bride Looper Moth)[8]
Syngrapha parilis[8]
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)[8]
Zygaena exulans (Mountain Burnet)[8]


Arctic & Subarctic to Temp. Mts.; Bassegi Zapovednik;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
5ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access