Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Dioscoreales > Dioscoreaceae > Dioscorea > Dioscorea communis
 

Dioscorea communis (Black bryony)

Synonyms: Dioscorea canariensis; Smilax rubra; Tamus baccifera; Tamus canariensis; Tamus cirrhosa; Tamus communis; Tamus communis f. subtriloba; Tamus communis subsp. cretica; Tamus communis var. cretica; Tamus communis var. subtriloba; Tamus communis var. triloba; Tamus cordifolia; Tamus cretica; Tamus edulis; Tamus norsa; Tamus parviflora; Tamus racemosa

Wikipedia Abstract

Dioscorea communis (sometimes placed in the segregate genus Tamus) is a species of flowering plant in the yam family Dioscoreaceae and is commonly known as black bryony, lady's-seal, and black bindweed.
View Wikipedia Record: Dioscorea communis

Attributes

Height [1]  11.5 feet (3.5 m)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [2]  Moist
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Dioecious
Hazards [1]  The whole plant is poisonous due to its saponin content; Although toxic, saponins are very poorly absorbed by the body and so tend to pass through without causing harm. They are also broken down by thorough cooking. Saponins are found in many plants, including several that are often used for food, such as certain beans. It is advisable not to eat large quantities of food that contain saponins. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish; The toxic effect of this plant is not caused by saponins, but by calcium oxalate crystals which are found mainly in the fruit;
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Pollinators [1]  Bees, Flies
Structure [1]  Vine
View Plants For A Future Record : Dioscorea communis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Hammelsberg u. Atzbüsch bei Perl 499 Germany  
Haut-Pays des Honnelles (Honnelles; Quiévrain) 1435 Belgium  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Ilhas Desertas 27927 Portugal      
Ix-Xaghra tal-Kortin 31 Malta  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Lower Derwent Valley 2263 England, United Kingdom
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Nied 1577 Germany  
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sa Il-Ponta ta' Benghisa 5724 Malta  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Vallée de l'Eau Blanche entre Aublain et Mariembourg (Chimay; Couvin) 3119 Belgium  
Vallée de la Chinelle (Florennes; Philippeville) 2267 Belgium  
Wolferskopf 1025 Germany  

Predators

Anaphothrips tamicola <Unverified Name>[3]
Cryptosporium tami[4]
Gallotia galloti (Gallot's Lizard)[5]
Hystrix cristata (African porcupine)[6]
Phomopsis tamicola[4]
Pirottaea nigrostriata[4]
Psilachnum tami[4]
Schizomyia tami[3]
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)[7]

Distribution

Macaronesia, W. Europe to Medit. and Iran;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Temporal and Spatial Variation in the Diet of the Endemic Lizard Gallotia galloti in an Insular Mediterranean Scrubland, Airam Rodríguez, Manuel Nogales, Beatriz Rumeu, and Beneharo Rodríguez, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 213–222, 2008
6THE HABITS AND INFLUENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE OLD WORLD PORCUPINE Hystrix cristata L. IN THE NORTHERNMOST PART OF ITS RANGE, L. Santini, Proceedings of the 9th Vertebrate Pest Conference (1980), University of Nebraska - Lincoln
7Birds and berries: a study of an ecological interaction. Calton, Great Britain, Snow B.K., Snow D.W., 1988, T & AD Poyser. 268 p.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access