Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Asparagales > Amaryllidaceae > Narcissus > Narcissus jonquilla

Narcissus jonquilla (jonquil)

Synonyms: Hermione jonquilla; Hermione juncifolia; Hermione juncifolia var. plena; Hermione similis; Jonquilla juncifolia; Jonquilla major; Jonquilla media; Jonquilla minor; Jonquilla odora; Jonquilla parvicorona; Narcissus jonquilla f. henriquesii; Narcissus jonquilla var. henriquesii; Narcissus jonquilla var. major; Narcissus jonquilla var. minor; Narcissus jonquilla var. plenus; Narcissus jonquilla var. stellaris; Narcissus jonquilloides var. webbii; Narcissus juncifolius; Narcissus medius; Narcissus mion; Narcissus parvicorona; Narcissus pseudojonquilla; Narcissus similis; Narcissus webbii; Phylogyne minor; Queltia apodantha; Queltia jonquilla; Queltia juncifolia; Stephanophorum filiforme; Stephanophorum luteum; Tityrus jonquilla; Tityrus similis

Wikipedia Abstract

Narcissus jonquilla (jonquil, rush daffodil) is a bulbous flowering plant, a species of Narcissus (daffodil) that is native to Spain and Portugal, but has now become naturalised in many other regions: France, Italy, Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, Madeira, British Columbia, Utah, Illinois, Ohio, and the southeastern United States from Texas to Maryland. N. jonquilla has been cultivated since the 18th century in France as the strongest of the Narcissus species used in Narcissus Oil, a component of many modern perfumes.
View Wikipedia Record: Narcissus jonquilla


Height [2]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Width [2]  3.9 inches (0.1 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  Although we have no records for this species, many if not all members of this genus are poisonous;
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Scent [2]  The blooms, which are almost intoxicatingly scented, have an undertone of orange in their perfume;
Structure [2]  Bulb
Usage [2]  An essential oil obtained from the flowers is used in perfumery; 1 kg of flowers yields 1g absolute of essential oil;
View Plants For A Future Record : Narcissus jonquilla

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom


Cnephasia gueneana[3]


Parasitized by 
Ditylenchus dipsaci (Bud and stem nematode)[4]
Puccinia schroeteri[5]


C. & S. Iberian Pen.; Iberian Pen.; S. & E. Portugal to C. & S. Spain;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
4Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access