Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Liliales > Smilacaceae > Smilax > Smilax tamnoides
 

Smilax tamnoides (Bristly Greenbrier)

Synonyms: Dilax muricata; Smilax grandifolia; Smilax hispida; Smilax hispida australis; Smilax hispida montana; Smilax medica; Smilax tamnoides hispida

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Dioecious
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Structure [2]  Vine
View Plants For A Future Record : Smilax tamnoides

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve 55 Michigan, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States

Predators

Marmara smilacisella[4]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Agapostemon radiatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Allograpta obliqua[5]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[5]
Bombus impatiens[5]
Ceratina dupla (Little carpenter bee)[5]
Chloralictus tegularis <Unverified Name>[5]
Chloralictus zephyrus <Unverified Name>[5]
Conops brachyrrhynchus <Unverified Name>[5]
Empis loripedis[5]
Eupeodes americanus (American hover fly)[5]
Evylaeus pectoralis <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesogramma geminata <Unverified Name>[5]
Nomada parva[5]
Opandrena cressonii <Unverified Name>[5]
Osmia pumila[5]
Oxystoglossa confusa <Unverified Name>[5]

Distribution

S. Ontario to C. & E. U.S.A.;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Govaerts R., 09-Jul-2004, WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 5Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Chippewa Nature Center Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Hope College Biology Nature Preserve
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access