Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Asparagales > Amaryllidaceae > Allium > Allium sativum

Allium sativum (cultivated garlic)

Synonyms: Allium arenarium; Allium controversum; Allium longicuspis; Allium ophioscorodon; Allium pekinense; Allium sativum f. asiae-mediae; Allium sativum f. pekinense; Allium sativum f. sagittatum; Allium sativum f. vulgare; Allium sativum subsp. asiae-mediae; Allium sativum subsp. controversum; Allium sativum subsp. ophioscorodon; Allium sativum subsp. subrotundum; Allium sativum var. controversum; Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon; Allium sativum var. pekinense; Allium sativum var. subrotundum; Allium sativum var. vulgare; Allium scorodoprasum subsp. viviparum; Allium scorodoprasum var. viviparum; Porrum ophioscorodon; Porrum sativum

Wikipedia Abstract

Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium.Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. With a history of human use of over 7,000 years, garlic is native to central Asia, and has long been a staple in the Mediterranean region, as well as a frequent seasoning in Asia, Africa, and Europe. It was known to Ancient Egyptians, and has been used for both culinary and medicinal purposes.
View Wikipedia Record: Allium sativum


Height [2]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Width [2]  6 inches (0.15 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  There have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in large quantities and by some mammals, of this species. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible;
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees, Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [2]  Bulb
Usage [2]  The juice from the bulb is used as an insect repellent; It has a very strong smell and some people would prefer to be bitten; The juice can also be applied to any stings in order to ease the pain; 3 - 4 tablespoons of chopped garlic and 2 tablespoons of grated soap can be infused in 1 litre of boiling water, allowed to cool and then used as an insecticide; An excellent glue can be made from the juice; An extract of the plant can be used as a fungicide; It is used in the treatment of blight and mould or fungal diseases of tomatoes and potatoes; If a few cloves of garlic are spread amongst stored fruit, they will act to delay the fruit from rotting; The growing plant is said to repel insects, rabbits and moles;
View Plants For A Future Record : Allium sativum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom


Aceria tulipae[3]
Acrolepiopsis assectella <Unverified Name>[4]
Alternaria embellisia[5]
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)[5]
Ctenicera strangulata <Unverified Name>[3]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[5]
Eukrohnia hamata[5]
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)[5]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[5]
Neotoxoptera formosana (Onion aphid)[5]
Pelecanoides georgicus (South Georgia Diving Petrel)[5]
Pelecanoides urinatrix (Common Diving Petrel)[5]
Phenacoccus parvus[6]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[4]
Pieris brassicae (Large White)[4]
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)[5]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[5]
Pseudosagitta gazellae[5]
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)[5]
Solidosagitta marri[5]


Parasitized by 
Puccinia porri[5]
Urocystis cepulae[5]


Cultigen from C. Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access