Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Asparagales > Amaryllidaceae > Allium > Allium schoenoprasum

Allium schoenoprasum (wild chives)

Synonyms: Allium acutum; Allium alpinum; Allium broteri; Allium buhseanum; Allium carneum; Allium coloratum; Allium foliosum; Allium glaucum; Allium gredense; Allium idzuense; Allium lusitanicum; Allium montanum; Allium palustre; Allium punctulatum; Allium purpurascens; Allium raddeanum; Allium reflexum; Allium riparium; Allium roseum; Allium schmitzii var. duriminium; Allium schoenoprasum f. albiflorum; Allium schoenoprasum f. pumilum; Allium schoenoprasum f. purpuratum; Allium schoenoprasum f. sibiricum; Allium schoenoprasum subsp. alpinum; Allium schoenoprasum subsp. euschoenoprasum; Allium schoenoprasum subsp. gredense; Allium schoenoprasum subsp. latiorifolium; Allium schoenoprasum subsp. orosiae; Allium schoenoprasum subsp. pumilum; Allium schoenoprasum subsp. riparium; Allium schoenoprasum subsp. sibiricum; Allium schoenoprasum var. albidum; Allium schoenoprasum var. albiflorum; Allium schoenoprasum var. alpinum; Allium schoenoprasum var. alvarense; Allium schoenoprasum var. brevispathum; Allium schoenoprasum var. broteri; Allium schoenoprasum var. buhseanum; Allium schoenoprasum var. caespitans; Allium schoenoprasum var. duriminium; Allium schoenoprasum var. foliosum; Allium schoenoprasum var. gredense; Allium schoenoprasum var. idzuense; Allium schoenoprasum var. latiorifolium; Allium schoenoprasum var. laurentianum; Allium schoenoprasum var. litorale; Allium schoenoprasum var. lusitanicum; Allium schoenoprasum var. pumilum; Allium schoenoprasum var. sibiricum; Allium schoenoprasum var. vulgare; Allium scorodoprasum var. alvarense; Allium sibiricum; Allium sibiricum schoenoprasoides; Allium sibiricum var. schoenoprasoides; Allium tenuifolium; Allium ubinicum; Allium udinicum; Ascalonicum schoenoprasum; Cepa schoenoprasa; Cepa tenuifolia; Porrum schoenoprasum; Porrum sibiricum; Schoenissa rosea; Schoenissa schoenoprasa; Schoenoprasum vulgare

Wikipedia Abstract

Chives is the common name of Allium schoenoprasum, an edible species of the Allium genus. A perennial plant, it is widespread in nature across much of Europe, Asia, and North America. A. schoenoprasum is the only species of Allium native to both the New and the Old Worlds. The name of the species derives from the Greek σχοίνος, skhoínos (sedge) and πράσον, práson (leek). Its English name, chives, derives from the French word cive, from cepa, the Latin word for onion.
View Wikipedia Record: Allium schoenoprasum


Height [3]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Width [3]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue
Flower Color [2]  Pink
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [3]  Although no individual reports regarding this species have been seen, there have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in very large quantities and by some mammals, of certain members of this genus. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible;
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera, Bats
Structure [3]  Bulb
Usage [3]  The juice of the plant is used as an insect repellent, it also has fungicidal properties and is effective against scab, mildew etc; The growing plant is said to repel insects and moles;
View Plants For A Future Record : Allium schoenoprasum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Augsdaugava 129298 Latvia  
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Dartmoor 57244 England, United Kingdom
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kobuk Valley National Park Ib 1576553 Alaska, United States
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
OROS VORAS 196334 Greece  
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Piejura 10663 Latvia  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States


Cladosporium allii-cepae[5]
Myzus ascalonicus (Shallot aphid)[6]
Myzus cymbalariae (Cymbalaria aphid)[6]
Neotoxoptera formosana (Onion aphid)[5]
Papilio machaon (Old World swallowtail)[6]
Sitobion avenae avenae[6]
Standfussiana lucernea (Northern Rustic)[6]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[5]


Parasitized by 
Puccinia porri[5]
Urocystis cepulae[5]
Uromyces ambiguus[5]


Bassegi Zapovednik; C. Spain; SC. Spain; Temp. Northern Hemisphere;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access