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Cinchona pubescens (quinine)

Synonyms: Cinchona caloptera; Cinchona chomeliana; Cinchona colorata; Cinchona cordifolia; Cinchona cordifolia var. macrocarpa; Cinchona cordifolia var. microcarpa; Cinchona cordifolia var. peruviana; Cinchona cordifolia var. rotundifolia; Cinchona cordifolia var. vera; Cinchona coronulata; Cinchona decurrentifolia; Cinchona elliptica; Cinchona goudotiana; Cinchona govana; Cinchona howardiana; Cinchona lechleriana; Cinchona lutea; Cinchona morado; Cinchona obovata; Cinchona ovata; Cinchona ovata var. rufinervis; Cinchona ovata var. vulgaris; Cinchona palescens; Cinchona pallescens; Cinchona pallescens var. ovata; Cinchona pelalba; Cinchona pelletieriana; Cinchona platyphylla; Cinchona pubescens var. cordata; Cinchona pubescens var. ovata; Cinchona pubescens var. pelletieriana; Cinchona pubescens var. purpurea; Cinchona purpurascens; Cinchona purpurea; Cinchona rosulenta; Cinchona rotundifolia; Cinchona rubicunda; Cinchona rufinervis; Cinchona rugosa; Cinchona subsessilis; Cinchona succirubra; Cinchona succirubra var. conglomerata; Cinchona succirubra var. cuchicara; Cinchona succirubra var. erythroderma; Cinchona succirubra var. spruceana; Cinchona succirubra var. vera; Cinchona tucujensis; Quinquina obovata; Quinquina ovata; Quinquina pubescens; Quinquina succirubra

Wikipedia Abstract

Cinchona pubescens, also known as red cinchona and quina ((Spanish) Cascarilla, cinchona; (Portuguese) Quina-do-Amazonas, quineira), is native to Central and South America. It is known as a medicinal plant for its bark's high quinine content- and has similar uses to Cinchona officinalis in the production of quinine, most famously used for treatment of malaria.
View Wikipedia Record: Cinchona pubescens

Attributes

Leaf Type [1]  Evergreen
Specific Gravity [2]  0.54

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Reserva Biológica Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve Ia 19317 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Amistad Biosphere Reserve II 493313 Costa Rica  
Volcán Tenorio National Park II 31877 Costa Rica

Predators

Chrysomphalus diversicolor[3]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[3]
Cricula trifenestrata (Cricula Silkmoth)[4]
Endoclita purpurescens[4]
Eriocnemis isabellae (Gorgeted Puffleg)[5]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[3]
Ilema vaneeckei[4]
Oxydia vesulia[4]

Distribution

C. & S. Trop. America; Costa Rica to W. South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
2Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
3Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access