Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Gentianales > Rubiaceae > Coffea > Coffea arabica

Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee)

Synonyms: Coffea arabica f. abyssinica; Coffea arabica var. amarella; Coffea arabica var. angustifolia; Coffea arabica var. bourbon; Coffea arabica var. brevistipulata; Coffea arabica var. bullata; Coffea arabica var. columnaris; Coffea arabica var. culta; Coffea arabica var. cultoides; Coffea arabica var. erecta; Coffea arabica var. latifolia; Coffea arabica var. longistipulata; Coffea arabica var. maragogype; Coffea arabica var. mokka; Coffea arabica var. monosperma; Coffea arabica var. murta; Coffea arabica var. myrtifolia; Coffea arabica var. pendula; Coffea arabica var. polysperma; Coffea arabica var. pubescens; Coffea arabica var. purpurascens; Coffea arabica var. rotundifolia; Coffea arabica var. straminea; Coffea arabica var. sundana; Coffea arabica var. typica; Coffea arabica var. variegata; Coffea bourbonica; Coffea corymbulosa; Coffea laurifolia; Coffea moka; Coffea sundana; Coffea vulgaris

Wikipedia Abstract

Coffea arabica /əˈræbɪkə/ is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia, as also the mountainous regions of Yemen. It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee". C.
View Wikipedia Record: Coffea arabica


Height [2]  15.1 feet (4.6 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Very Rich
Water Use [2]  High
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Red
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.3 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  None
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  1000 / lb (2205 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [4]  0.62
Structure [3]  Tree

Emblem of



Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Africaspis chionaspiformis[5]
Anastrepha bahiensis[6]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[6]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[6]
Anastrepha obliqua (west indian fruit fly)[6]
Anastrepha sororcula[6]
Anastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)[6]
Avricus amoenus[5]
Avricus arborescens[5]
Cerococcus catenarius[5]
Cerococcus indicus (yellow cotton scale)[5]
Cerococcus ornatus[5]
Cerococcus parahybensis[5]
Cerococcus russellae[5]
Cerococcus theydoni[5]
Ceroplastes brevicauda[5]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes destructor (soft wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes vinsonioides[5]
Coccus africanus[5]
Coccus alpinus[5]
Coccus celatus[5]
Coccus colemani[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[5]
Coccus subhemisphaericus[5]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[5]
Coccus viridulus[5]
Crisicoccus hirsutus <Unverified Name>[5]
Delottococcus aberiae[5]
Dentachionaspis ritchiei[5]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[5]
Dysmicoccus debregeasiae <Unverified Name>[5]
Dysmicoccus gracilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Dysmicoccus grassii[5]
Dysmicoccus lepelleyi <Unverified Name>[5]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[5]
Dysmicoccus nesophilus[5]
Dysmicoccus texensis[5]
Eriococcus coffeae[5]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[5]
Formicococcus formosus <Unverified Name>[5]
Formicococcus ireneus <Unverified Name>[5]
Geococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)[5]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[5]
Hypogeococcus boharti[5]
Hyposidra talaca[7]
Hypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)[8]
Insignorthezia insignis (croton bug)[5]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[5]
Lecanodiaspis erratica[5]
Lecanodiaspis prosopidis[5]
Lepidosaphes corrugata[5]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Maconellicoccus ugandae[5]
Megapulvinaria maxima[5]
Melanerythrus australis (Passionvine Bug)[9]
Mixorthezia reynei[5]
Neochavesia caldasiae[5]
Nipaecoccus pseudofilamentosus <Unverified Name>[5]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[5]
Paracoccus burnerae (oleander scale)[5]
Paracoccus cognatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Paracoccus limuricus[5]
Paraputo leveri[5]
Phalanta phalantha (Common leopard butterfly)[9]
Phenacoccus hargreavesi[5]
Planococcus fungicola[5]
Planococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug)[5]
Planococcus kraunhiae (Japanese mealybug)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[5]
Praelongorthezia praelonga (citrus orthezia)[5]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[5]
Pseudochermes williamsi <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudococcus concavocerarii[5]
Pseudococcus cryptus (citriculus mealybug)[5]
Pseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)[5]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[5]
Pseudococcus kikuyuensis[5]
Pseudococcus landoi (Lando mealybug)[5]
Pseudococcus occiduus[5]
Pseudorhizoecus proximus[5]
Pulvinaria aethiopica[5]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[5]
Puto antioquensis[5]
Puto barberi[5]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[5]
Remelana jangala (Chocolate Royal)[9]
Rhizoecus americanus[5]
Rhizoecus arabicus[5]
Rhizoecus caladii (blind mealybug)[5]
Rhizoecus coffeae[5]
Rhizoecus compotor[5]
Rhizoecus cyperalis (viviparous ground mealybug)[5]
Rhizoecus divaricatus[5]
Rhizoecus falcifer (ground mealybug)[5]
Rhizoecus nemoralis[5]
Rhizoecus setosus[5]
Rhizoecus tropicalis[5]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Saissetia jocunda[5]
Saissetia neglecta (Caribbean black scale)[5]
Saissetia privigna[5]
Saotomaspis castelbrancoi[5]
Stictococcus formicarius[5]


SE. Sudan, SW. Ethiopia, N. Kenya (Mt. Marsibit);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
8A review of the biology and control of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), A. Damon, Bulletin of Entomological Research (2000) 90, 453–465
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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