Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Euphorbiaceae > Aleurites > Aleurites moluccanus

Aleurites moluccanus (Indian walnut)

Synonyms: Aleurites ambinux; Aleurites angustifolius; Aleurites commutatus; Aleurites cordifolius; Aleurites integrifolius; Aleurites javanicus; Aleurites lanceolatus; Aleurites lobatus; Aleurites moluccanus var. aulanii; Aleurites moluccanus var. floccosus; Aleurites moluccanus var. katoi; Aleurites moluccanus var. remyi; Aleurites moluccanus var. serotinus; Aleurites pentaphyllus; Aleurites remyi; Aleurites trilobus; Camerium moluccanum; Camirium cordifolium; Camirium oleosum; Dryandra oleifera; Jatropha moluccana; Mallotus moluccanus; Mallotus moluccanus var. genuinus; Manihot moluccana; Ricinus dicoccus; Rottlera moluccana; Telopea perspicua

Wikipedia Abstract

Aleurites moluccanus (or moluccana), the candlenut, is a flowering tree in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, also known as candleberry, Indian walnut, kemiri, varnish tree, nuez de la India, buah keras, or kukui nut tree.
View Wikipedia Record: Aleurites moluccanus

Invasive Species

Aleurites moluccana can grow up to 15 or 25m in height in adulthood. This tree is originally from south-east Asia and it has been introduced to many tropical regions. It is grown for its nuts, which are either grilled and eaten or oil is extracted for different uses (lighting, medicine, etc.). It is invasive in several Pacific islands.
View ISSG Record: Aleurites moluccanus


Height [1]  48 feet (14.5 m)
Width [1]  43 feet (13 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Gray-Green
Fruit Color [2]  Black
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  36 inches (91 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  44 / lb (97 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Emblem of



Africonidia africana[4]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[4]
Chalcocelis albiguttatus[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[4]
Drepanococcus chiton[4]
Dysmicoccus nesophilus[4]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[4]
Hyphorma minax[5]
Imbrasia dione[5]
Lepidosaphes stepta[4]
Lopholeucaspis cockerelli (Cockerell scale)[4]
Mahasena corbetti[5]
Neoselenaspidus silvaticus[4]
Parlatoria fluggeae[4]
Peridroma cinctipennis[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[4]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[4]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[4]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[4]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[4]
Somena scintillans[5]


Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to NE. Queensland;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access