Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Erebia > Erebia aethiops

Erebia aethiops (Scotch Argus)

Synonyms: Erebia aethiopella; Erebia altaica; Erebia amplevittata; Erebia apenninicola; Erebia binotata; Erebia demarginata; Erebia depupillata; Erebia enucleata; Erebia eryphyle; Erebia euryale; Erebia ignotoides; Erebia infasciata; Erebia inocellata; Erebia magdalena; Erebia mesorubria; Erebia perfusca-semicaeca; Erebia pupillifera; Erebia uralensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The Scotch argus (Erebia aethiops) is a Palaearctic butterfly of the Nymphalidae family. It has a wide range including the French Alps, Germany, Balkans, Apennines, Asia Minor, the Urals, Caucasus, and Sajan. In Europe and Russia, it is a forest edge butterfly found up to 2400 m and flying June to August. The hibernating larva is reported to feed on Agrostis, Dactylis, Poa, and other grasses.
View Wikipedia Record: Erebia aethiops



Wing Span [1]  1.9 inches (.047 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Adolfsburg - Bornberg - Sülzenberg 366 Germany  
Altendorfer Berg 250 Germany  
Amat Woods 577 Scotland, United Kingdom
Ardgour Pinewoods 4071 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Ardvar and Loch a`Mhuilinn Woodlands 1992 Scotland, United Kingdom
Öchsenberg - Dietrichsberg - Sattelberg 2377 Germany  
Ben Nevis 23023 Scotland, United Kingdom
Ben Wyvis 13313 Scotland, United Kingdom
Black Wood of Rannoch 2720 Scotland, United Kingdom
Burgberg, Heinsener Klippen, Rühler Schweiz 6662 Germany  
Caenlochan 12860 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Capanne di Marcarolo 23604 Italy  
Cawdor Wood 399 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Coille Mhór 769 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Creuzburger Werratal-Hänge 363 Germany  
Culbin Bar 1514 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Dolmar und Christeser Grund 2592 Germany  
Drei Gleichen 2194 Germany  
Edelmannsberg 687 Germany  
Eschberg - Dürrenberg 768 Germany  
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Galloway Oakwoods 877 Scotland, United Kingdom
Geba-Triften - Diesburg 4240 Germany  
Glen Coe 7329 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Große Luppe - Reinsberge - Veronikaberg 6136 Germany  
Großer Gleisberg - Jenzig 2006 Germany  
Großes Holz - Sperlingsberg 1181 Germany  
Herpfer Wald - Berkeser Wald - Stillberg 5454 Germany  
Hill of Towanreef 4660 Scotland, United Kingdom
Ibengarten - Wiesenthaler Schweiz - Sommertal 3595 Germany  
Ilm-Aue von Gräfinau-Angstedt bis Stadtilm 778 Germany  
Jenaer Forst 2105 Germany  
Kernberge - Wöllmisse 5053 Germany  
Kielforst nordwestlich Hörschel 245 Germany  
Kinloch and Kyleakin Hills 13015 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Klosterholz 1369 Germany  
Kyffhäuser - Badraer Schweiz - Solwiesen 8357 Germany  
Leutratal - Cospoth - Schießplatz Rothenstein 4258 Germany  
Loch Etive Woods 6522 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Maree Complex 38882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch Ruthven 497 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Lower Findhorn Woods 448 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Lower River Spey – Spey Bay 1613 Scotland, United Kingdom
Monadh Mor 622 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morvern Woods 4763 Scotland, United Kingdom
Muschelkalk-Landschaft westlich Rudolstadt 3880 Germany  
Ness Woods 2093 Scotland, United Kingdom
NSG Schenkenberg 128 Germany  
NSG Tännreisig 89 Germany  
Rassal 2514 Scotland, United Kingdom  
River Moriston 481 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Spey 14158 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Tay 23469 Scotland, United Kingdom
Roßdorfer Steintriften 642 Germany  
Sligachan Peatlands 3561 Scotland, United Kingdom
Stein - Rachelsberg - Gobert 1769 Germany  
Strath 3426 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Tautenburger Forst - Hohe Lehde - Gleistalhänge 2718 Germany  
TÜP Ohrdruf - Jonastal 14824 Germany  
Trotternish Ridge 7834 Scotland, United Kingdom
Tulach Hill and Glen Fender Meadows 3912 Scotland, United Kingdom
Wilde Gera bis Plaue und Reichenbach 1324 Germany  
Wipfragrund - Stausee Heyda 1428 Germany  
Witherslack Mosses 1202 England, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Agrostis canina (velvet bentgrass)[2]
Agrostis pourretii[3]
Brachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)[2]
Dactylis glomerata (orchardgrass)[2]
Elymus repens (quackgrass)[2]
Molinia caerulea (purple moorgrass)[2]
Poa annua (annual blue grass)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amphipoea lucens (Large Ear Moth)1
Amphipoea oculea (Ear Moth)2
Apamea anceps (Large Nutmeg)3
Apamea crenata (Clouded-bordered Brindle)1
Apamea epomidion1
Apamea furva (Confused)1
Apamea monoglypha (Dark Arches)3
Apamea remissa (Dusky Brocade)2
Apamea scolopacina (Slender Brindle)2
Apamea sordens2
Apamea unanimis (Small Clouded Brindle)1
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)4
Aporophyla lutulenta (Deep Brown Dart)1
Bryotropha terrella1
Callistege mi (Mother Shipton Moth)1
Capsus ater1
Carterocephalus palaemon (Arctic skipper)2
Celaena leucostigma (Crescent)1
Cerapteryx graminis (antler moth)2
Cerodontha denticornis1
Claviceps purpurea (Ergot)1
Coenonympha pamphilus (Small Heath Butterfly)1
Coenonympha tullia (California ringlet)2
Crambus pascuella1
Deltocephalus pulicaris1
Elachista argentella2
Elachista atricomella1
Elachista revinctella1
Elymana sulphurella1
Erebia epiphron (Small Mountain Ringlet)1
Eremobia ochroleuca (Dusky Sallow)2
Euthrix potatoria (Drinker Moth)2
Hesperia comma (Silver-spotted Skipper)1
Hipparchia semele (Grayling)3
Leptopterna dolabrata (meadow plant bug)2
Leucochlaena oditis2
Luperina testacea (Flounced Rustic)2
Maniola jurtina (Meadow Brown Butterfly)4
Melanostoma scalare1
Melitaea cinxia (Glanville Fritillary)1
Mesapamea didyma (Lesser Common Rustic Moth)1
Mesapamea secalis (Common Rustic)3
Mesoligia literosa1
Noctua orbona (Lunar Yellow Underwing)2
Noctua pronuba (Large Yellow Underwing Moth)1
Oligia latruncula (Tawny Marbled Minor)1
Oligia strigilis (Marbled Minor)2
Oligia versicolor (Rufous Minor)1
Omphaloscelis lunosa (Lunar Underwing Moth)2
Opomyza germinationis1
Oscinella frit (fruit fly)2
Oscinella maura1
Paradiarsia glareosa (Autumnal Rustic)2
Pararge aegeria (Speckled Wood Butterfly)4
Parasyrphus annulatus1
Psammotettix confinis1
Pyronia tithonus (Gatekeeper)3
Rivula sericealis (Straw Dot Moth)2
Stenocranus sapporensis1
Stenotus binotatus (Two-spotted Grass Bug)1
Stilbia anomala (False Footman)1
Thalpophila matura (Straw Underwing)1
Tholera decimalis (Feathered Gothic)1
Thymelicus acteon (Lulworth Skipper)3
Trigonotylus ruficornis1
Xestia xanthographa (Square-spot Rustic)1
Zyginidia scutellaris1




Attributes / relations provided by
1Slamova, I., Klecka, J., & Konvicka, M. (2011). Diurnal behavior and habitat preferences of Erebia aethiops, an aberrant lowland species of a mountain butterfly clade. Journal of insect behavior, 24(3), 230-246.
2Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access