Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Nymphalis > Nymphalis antiopa

Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty; Mourning Cloak)

Synonyms: Euvanessa chlapowskia; Euvanessa intermedia; Nymphalis grisescens; Nymphalis longomaculata; Nymphalis violescens; Nymphalis virescens; Vanessa albomarginata; Vanessa angustata; Vanessa artemis; Vanessa dorfmeisteri; Vanessa emma; Vanessa epione; Vanessa escheri; Vanessa flavomaculata; Vanessa hippolyta; Vanessa hygiaea; Vanessa hyperborea; Vanessa lintneri; Vanessa nana; Vanessa obscura; Vanessa ochraceoguttata; Vanessa pompadour; Vanessa roederi; Vanessa thomsonii; Vanessa ziegleri

Wikipedia Abstract

Nymphalis antiopa, known as the mourning cloak in North America and the Camberwell beauty in Britain, is a large butterfly native to Eurasia and North America. The immature form of this species is sometimes known as the spiny elm caterpillar. Other older names for this species include grand surprise and white petticoat. A powerful flier, this species is sometimes found in areas far from its usual range during migration. These butterflies have a life-span of 11 to 12 months, one of the most extensive life-spans for any butterfly. It is also the State Insect of Montana, adopted in 2001.
View Wikipedia Record: Nymphalis antiopa



Wing Span [1]  2.4 inches (.062 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Asby Complex 7715 England, United Kingdom
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Bassin ardennais de l'Eau Noire (Couvin; Viroinval) 323 Belgium  
Bassin ardennais du Viroin (Viroinval) 996 Belgium  
Bassin de la Houille en amont de Gedinne (Gedinne) 3423 Belgium  
Bassin de la Semois de Florenville à Auby (Bertrix; Bouillon; Florenville; Herbeumont) 12896 Belgium  
Bassin du Ruisseau du Ru au Moulin (Bièvre; Gedinne; Vresse-sur-Semois) 1233 Belgium  
Bassin fagnard de l'Eau Noire (Doische; Hastière; Philippeville) 8551 Belgium  
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Dolina Srodkowej Warty 141108 Poland  
Dolna Odra 72985 Poland  
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Jezioro Karas 2013 Poland  
Laghi di Avigliana 1038 Italy  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Magerrasen Schönwalde 13 Germany  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
Ostoja Nadwarcianska 65861 Poland  
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Vallée de la Houille en aval de Gedinne (Beauraing; Gedinne) 8455 Belgium  
Vallée de la Hulle (Gedinne) 3738 Belgium  
Vallée de la Meuse en amont d'Hastière (Beauraing; Doische; Hastière; Houyet) 3553 Belgium  
Vallée du Ruisseau d'Alisse (Viroinval) 59 Belgium  
Vogelschutzgebiet 'Moore und Heiden des westlichen Münsterlandes' 5745 Germany  
Vogelschutzgebiet Senne mit Teutoburger Wald 38017 Germany  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Westruper Heide 193 Germany  
Witherslack Mosses 1202 England, United Kingdom


Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Acer rubrum (red maple)[2]
Alnus incana (gray alder)[3]
Asclepias syriaca (broadleaf milkweed)[2]
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)[3]
Betula dahurica[3]
Betula ermanii (Gold Birch)[3]
Betula intermedia (dwarf birch)[3]
Betula papyrifera (mountain paper birch)[3]
Betula pendula (European white birch)[3]
Betula pendula subsp. mandshurica (Asian white birch)[3]
Betula pubescens (downy birch)[3]
Celtis laevigata (sugar berry)[3]
Celtis occidentalis (common hackberry)[3]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[2]
Fraxinus americana (white ash)[3]
Humulus lupulus (common hops)[4]
Onobrychis viciifolia (sainfoin)[4]
Populus alba (Silver-leaf poplar)[4]
Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar)[4]
Populus deltoides (eastern cottonwood)[4]
Populus nigra (Lombardy poplar)[5]
Populus tremula (European aspen)[5]
Pyrus communis (common pear)[4]
Rumex acetosella (Common Sheep Sorrel)[4]
Salix alba (golden willow)[4]
Salix amygdaloides (peachleaf willow)[4]
Salix aurita (eared willow)[4]
Salix babylonica[4]
Salix caprea (goat willow)[5]
Salix cinerea (large gray willow)[4]
Salix eriocephala (Missouri willow)[4]
Salix exigua (Sandbar Willow)[4]
Salix fragilis (crack willow)[4]
Salix pentandra (laurel willow)[4]
Salix phylicifolia[4]
Salix sitchensis (Sitka willow)[4]
Salix viminalis (basket willow)[5]
Ulmus americana[4]
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)[4]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[2]
Populus grandidentata[2]
Rosa virginiana[2]
Salix nigra[2]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)4
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)5
Acronicta leporina (miller)7
Acronicta megacephala (Poplar Grey)5
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)5
Acronicta rumicis (Knot Grass)4
Amphipyra pyramidea4
Apatura ilia (Lesser Purple Emperor)4
Apis mellifera (honey bee)6
Archiearis parthenias (Orange Underwing)4
Automeris io (Io moth)4
Biston betularia (peppered moth)5
Brachylomia viminalis (Minor Shoulder-knot)4
Cabera exanthemata (Common Wave Moth)5
Cabera pusaria (Common White Wave Moth)5
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)4
Caloptilia stigmatella4
Castor canadensis (american beaver)5
Cerura vinula (Puss Moth)4
Chloroclysta miata4
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)7
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)5
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)4
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)4
Cossus cossus (Goat Moth)5
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)4
Drepana falcataria (Pebble Hook-tip)4
Ectropis crepuscularia (small engrailed)8
Epinotia solandriana4
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)6
Eurois occulta (great gray dart)4
Geometra papilionaria (Large Emerald)4
Graphiphora augur (Double Dart)4
Halysidota tessellaris (Banded Tussock Moth)4
Hydriomena furcata (July Highflyer)5
Lacanobia contigua (Beautiful Brocade)5
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)4
Leucoma salicis (White Satin Moth)4
Lobophora halterata (Seraphim)4
Lomaspilis marginata (Clouded Border Moth)5
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)8
Melanchra pisi (Broom Moth)5
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)5
Nymphalis polychloros (Large Tortoiseshell Butterfly)5
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)6
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)6
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)4
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)4
Orgyia antiqua (Rusty Tussock Moth)6
Orthosia incerta (Clouded Drab)4
Orthotaenia undulana5
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)7
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)5
Plagodis pulveraria (Barred Umber Moth)5
Poecilocampa populi (December Moth)6
Polia nebulosa (Grey Arches)4
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)6
Rheumaptera hastata (spear-marked black)6
Rheumaptera undulata4
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)7
Scoliopteryx libatrix (herald moth)5
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)5
Smerinthus ocellata4
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)4
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)7
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)6


Anax junius (green darner)[2]
Asilus sericeus[6]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[2]
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)[2]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[2]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[2]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[2]


Parasite of 
Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)[2]
Rosa virginiana (Virginia Rose)[2]
Salix nigra (black willow)[2]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[2]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[2]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[2]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[2]
Populus grandidentata[2]
Rosa virginiana[2]
Salix nigra[2]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[2]


Parasitized by 
Bessa harveyi[4]
Chetogena claripennis[4]
Compsilura concinnata (Tachina fly)[4]
Exorista mella[4]
Hemisturmia tortricis[4]
Lespesia aletiae[4]
Lespesia archippivora[4]
Lespesia frenchii[4]
Madremyia saundersii[4]
Neaera leucoptera[4]
Pelatachina pellucida[4]
Pollinator of 
Acer rubrum (red maple)[2]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[2]


Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Butterflies of Canada, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility
2Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Predator-Prey Database for the family Asilidae (Hexapoda: Diptera) Prepared by Dr. Robert Lavigne, Professor Emeritus, University of Wyoming, USA and Dr. Jason Londt (Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg)
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Badlands National Park
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access