Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Polygonia > Polygonia c-album
 

Polygonia c-album (Comma Butterfly)

Synonyms: Grapta agnicula; Polygonia castanea; Polygonia delta-album; Polygonia elongana; Polygonia extincta; Polygonia i-album; Polygonia immaculata; Polygonia imperfecta; Polygonia manchurica; Polygonia nigracastanea; Polygonia nigrolunaria; Polygonia nubilata; Polygonia o-album; Polygonia obscura; Polygonia p-album; Polygonia pallida; Polygonia pusilla; Polygonia uncipuncta; Polygonia variegata; Polygonia vilarrubiai; Vanena hutchinsoni; Vanessa cloqueti; Vanessa comma-alba; Vanessa f-album; Vanessa g-album; Vanessa lutescens; Vanessa melanosticta

Wikipedia Abstract

The Comma (Polygonia c-album) is a species of butterfly belonging to the family Nymphalidae. Its irregular wing edges are characteristic of the Polygonia genus, which is why they are commonly called anglewings. It is found in northern Africa and across Europe from Portugal through Asia as far as Japan. Its dorsal wings are colourful but its underside has a pattern that camouflages it when its wings are held together.
View Wikipedia Record: Polygonia c-album

Infraspecies

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bath and Bradford-on-Avon Bats 265 England, United Kingdom  
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Fenn`s, Whixall, Bettisfield, Wem and Cadney Mosses 2346 England/Wales, United Kingdom  
Mendip Limestone Grasslands 1032 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Roudsea Wood and Mosses 1163 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
The Stiperstones and The Hollies 1486 England, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam)[1]
Corylus avellana (common filbert)[1]
Humulus lupulus (common hops)[2]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[2]
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry)[2]
Prunus spinosa (Blackthorn)[2]
Quercus ilex (Holly Oak)[2]
Ribes alpinum (alpine currant)[2]
Ribes nigrum (European black currant)[2]
Ribes rubrum (cultivated currant)[2]
Ribes uva-crispa (European gooseberry)[2]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[2]
Salix caprea (goat willow)[1]
Ulmus glabra (Wych elm)[1]
Urtica dioica (California nettle)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Abraxas grossulariata (Magpie Moth)7
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)5
Alsophila aescularia (March Moth)4
Amphipyra pyramidea4
Angerona prunaria5
Antitype chi (Grey Chi)4
Biston betularia (peppered moth)4
Byctiscus betulae (Hazel Leaf Roller)4
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Carnation Tortrix)5
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)5
Campaea margaritata (Light Emerald Moth)4
Celastrina argiolus (Holly Blue Butterfly)4
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)4
Conistra vaccinii (Chestnut)5
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)7
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)6
Ennomos quercinaria (August Thorn)4
Erannis defoliaria (Mottled Umber Moth)6
Eulithis mellinata (Spinach Moth)4
Eulithis prunata (Phoenix Moth)4
Eupithecia assimilata (Currant Pug)4
Eupithecia exiguata (Mottled Pug)4
Euplexia lucipara (Small Angle Shades)4
Euproctis similis5
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)5
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)4
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)5
Melanchra persicariae (Dot Moth)9
Melanchra pisi (Broom Moth)4
Naenia typica (Gothic)4
Noctua fimbriata (Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing)5
Nymphalis polychloros (Large Tortoiseshell Butterfly)4
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)5
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)4
Orthosia gothica (Hebrew Character)7
Orthosia gracilis (Powdered Quaker)6
Orthosia incerta (Clouded Drab)4
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)4
Plagodis pulveraria (Barred Umber Moth)6
Polia nebulosa (Grey Arches)4
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)5
Synanthedon tipuliformis (Currant borer/Clearwing moth)4
Tetrastes bonasia (Hazel Grouse)4
Tortricodes alternella4
Xestia baja (Dotted Clay)5
Xylena exsoleta (Sword-grass)5

Consumers

Pollinator of 
Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)[3]
Hieracium obtusissimum (Alpine Ragwort)[3]
Salix cinerea (large gray willow)[3]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
2HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
3Ecology of Commanster
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access