Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Polygonia > Polygonia c-album
 

Polygonia c-album (Comma Butterfly)

Synonyms: Grapta agnicula; Polygonia castanea; Polygonia delta-album; Polygonia elongana; Polygonia extincta; Polygonia i-album; Polygonia immaculata; Polygonia imperfecta; Polygonia manchurica; Polygonia nigracastanea; Polygonia nigrolunaria; Polygonia nubilata; Polygonia o-album; Polygonia obscura; Polygonia p-album; Polygonia pallida; Polygonia pusilla; Polygonia uncipuncta; Polygonia variegata; Polygonia vilarrubiai; Vanena hutchinsoni; Vanessa cloqueti; Vanessa comma-alba; Vanessa f-album; Vanessa g-album; Vanessa lutescens; Vanessa melanosticta

Wikipedia Abstract

The Comma (Polygonia c-album) is a species of butterfly belonging to the family Nymphalidae. Its irregular wing edges are characteristic of the Polygonia genus, which is why they are commonly called anglewings. It is found in northern Africa and across Europe from Portugal through Asia as far as Japan. Its dorsal wings are colourful but its underside has a pattern that camouflages it when its wings are held together.
View Wikipedia Record: Polygonia c-album

Infraspecies

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bath and Bradford-on-Avon Bats 265 England, United Kingdom  
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Fenn`s, Whixall, Bettisfield, Wem and Cadney Mosses 2346 England/Wales, United Kingdom  
Mendip Limestone Grasslands 1032 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Roudsea Wood and Mosses 1163 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
The Stiperstones and The Hollies 1486 England, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam)[1]
Corylus avellana (common filbert)[1]
Humulus lupulus (common hops)[2]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[2]
Prunus cerasus (sour cherry)[2]
Prunus spinosa (Blackthorn)[2]
Quercus ilex (Holly Oak)[2]
Ribes alpinum (alpine currant)[2]
Ribes nigrum (European black currant)[2]
Ribes rubrum (cultivated currant)[2]
Ribes uva-crispa (European gooseberry)[2]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[2]
Salix caprea (goat willow)[1]
Ulmus glabra (Wych elm)[1]
Urtica dioica (California nettle)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Abraxas grossulariata (Magpie Moth)7
Abroma temperata3
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)5
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)3
Aglais urticae (Small Tortoiseshell)3
Alebra wahlbergi3
Alsophila aescularia (March Moth)4
Amphipyra pyramidea4
Angerona prunaria5
Antitype chi (Grey Chi)4
Apis mellifera (honey bee)3
Argynnis paphia (Silver-washed Fritillary)3
Autographa jota (Plain Golden Y)3
Biston betularia (peppered moth)4
Biston strataria (Oak Beauty)3
Blepharita satura (Beautiful Arches)3
Byctiscus betulae (Hazel Leaf Roller)4
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Carnation Tortrix)5
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)5
Campaea margaritata (Light Emerald Moth)4
Caradrina morpheus (Mottled Rustic)3
Celastrina argiolus (Holly Blue Butterfly)4
Chloroclysta siterata (Red-green Carpet)3
Coleophora anatipennella3
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)3
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)4
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)3
Conistra vaccinii (Chestnut)5
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)7
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)6
Diurnea fagella3
Ennomos quercinaria (August Thorn)4
Erannis defoliaria (Mottled Umber Moth)6
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)3
Eulithis mellinata (Spinach Moth)4
Eulithis prunata (Phoenix Moth)4
Eupithecia assimilata (Currant Pug)4
Eupithecia exiguata (Mottled Pug)4
Eupithecia satyrata (Satyr Pug Moth)3
Euplexia lucipara (Small Angle Shades)4
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Brown-tail)3
Euproctis similis5
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)5
Fagocyba cruenta3
Graphiphora augur (Double Dart)3
Hepialus humuli (Ghost Moth)3
Herminia grisealis (Small Fan-foot)3
Heterotoma planicornis3
Hydrelia sylvata (Waved Carpet)3
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)4
Lacanobia contigua (Beautiful Brocade)3
Lacanobia oleracea (Bright-line Brown-Eye Moth)3
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)3
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)5
Lasiocampa trifolii (Grass Eggar)3
Lomographa temerata (Clouded Silver)3
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)3
Lygocoris rugicollis3
Lygus rugulipennis3
Malacosoma neustria (Lackey moth)3
Melanchra persicariae (Dot Moth)9
Melanchra pisi (Broom Moth)4
Naenia typica (Gothic)4
Noctua comes (Lesser Yellow Underwing)3
Noctua fimbriata (Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing)5
Nymphalis polychloros (Large Tortoiseshell Butterfly)4
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)5
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)4
Opisthograptis luteolata (Brimstone Moth)3
Orgyia antiqua (Rusty Tussock Moth)3
Orthosia gothica (Hebrew Character)7
Orthosia gracilis (Powdered Quaker)6
Orthosia incerta (Clouded Drab)4
Orthosia miniosa (Blossom Underwing)3
Orthosia munda (Twin-spotted Quaker)3
Ourapteryx sambucaria (Swallow-tailed Moth)3
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)4
Phigalia pilosaria (Pale Brindled Beauty)3
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)3
Plagodis pulveraria (Barred Umber Moth)6
Plemyria rubiginata (Blue-bordered Carpet)3
Poecilocampa populi (December Moth)3
Polia nebulosa (Grey Arches)4
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)3
Ribautiana tenerrima (Bramble leafhopper)3
Ribautiana ulmi3
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)5
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)3
Sphinx ligustri (Sphinx moth)3
Spilosoma lubricipeda (White Ermine Moth)3
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)3
Synanthedon tipuliformis (Currant borer/Clearwing moth)4
Tortricodes alternella4
Tortrix viridana (Green tortrix)3
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)3
Vanessa atalanta (red admiral)3
Xestia baja (Dotted Clay)5
Xylena exsoleta (Sword-grass)5
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)3

Consumers

Pollinator of 
Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)[3]
Hieracium obtusissimum (Alpine Ragwort)[3]
Salix cinerea (large gray willow)[3]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
2HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
3Ecology of Commanster
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access