Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Hesperioidea > Hesperiidae > Thymelicus > Thymelicus lineola

Thymelicus lineola (European skipper)

Synonyms: Adopaea antiardens; Adopaea brunnea; Adopaea clara; Adopaea hemmingi; Adopaea intermedia; Adopaea intermediaclara; Adopaea intermedialineola; Adopaea major; Adopaea majorclara; Adopaea majornitida; Adopaea melissus; Adopaea pallida; Adopaea pseudothaumas; Adopaea suffusa; Adopoea fornax; Hesperia ardens; Hesperia italamixta; Pamphila kirbyi; Pamphila ludoviciae; Papilio virgula; Thymelicus diluta; Thymelicus marginatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Essex skipper (Thymelicus lineola) is a butterfly in family Hesperiidae. In North America, it is known as the European skipper. With a wingspan of 2.5 to 2.9 cm, it is very similar in appearance to the small skipper Thymelicus sylvestris. They can be told apart by the undersides of the tips of their antennae: the Essex skipper's antennae are black, whereas those of the small skipper are orange. This butterfly occurs throughout much of the Palaearctic region. Its range is from southern Scandinavia through Europe to North Africa and east to Central Asia It was only identified in the UK in 1889, and its range is expanding both in England and in northern Europe. In North America, this butterfly was accidentally introduced in 1910 via London, Ontario and has spread across southern Canada an
View Wikipedia Record: Thymelicus lineola



Wing Span [1]  0.9 inches (.022 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bath and Bradford-on-Avon Bats 265 England, United Kingdom  
Bracket`s Coppice 133 England, United Kingdom
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Canalone del Tripodo 4757 Italy  
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
North Downs Woodlands 711 England, United Kingdom
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Torfowiska Orawsko-Nowotarskie 20400 Poland  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States


Prey / Diet

Agrostis gigantea (redtop)[2]
Alopecurus pratensis (field meadow-foxtail)[3]
Arrhenatherum elatius (tall oatgrass)[3]
Brachypodium pinnatum (heath false brome)[3]
Brachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)[3]
Centaurea jacea (Brown Knapweed)[4]
Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)[4]
Crepis capillaris (Smooth Hawksbeard)[4]
Dactylis glomerata (orchardgrass)[4]
Deschampsia cespitosa (Tufted Hair-grass)[2]
Elymus repens (quackgrass)[3]
Holcus lanatus (common velvetgrass)[3]
Holcus mollis (creeping velvetgrass)[4]
Lotus pedunculatus (big trefoil)[4]
Phleum pratense (common timothy)[4]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[4]
Trifolium dubium (hop clover)[4]
Valeriana officinalis (garden valerian)[4]
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aglais urticae (Small Tortoiseshell)4
Ancylis badiana2
Apamea anceps (Large Nutmeg)2
Apamea monoglypha (Dark Arches)2
Apamea scolopacina (Slender Brindle)2
Apamea sordens2
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)7
Aphrophora alni (Alder Spittle Bug)2
Apis mellifera (honey bee)3
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)3
Boloria selene (Silver-bordered fritillary)2
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)4
Callistege mi (Mother Shipton Moth)3
Capsus ater5
Cassida rubiginosa (Thistle Tortoise Beetle)2
Cercopis vulnerata (Black & Red Froghopper)3
Cerodontha denticornis4
Cerodontha flavocingulata4
Cerodontha pygmaea4
Cheilosia fraterna2
Cheilosia vulpina2
Claviceps purpurea (Ergot)2
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)2
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)2
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)2
Coleophora lixella2
Colias croceus (Clouded Yellow Butterfly)2
Delia coarctata2
Elachista apicipunctella3
Elachista argentella5
Elachista gangabella2
Elachista luticomella2
Elachista megerlella2
Elachista rufocinerea2
Elymana sulphurella3
Ematurga atomaria (Common Heath Moth)2
Empis livida2
Empis tessellata (Dance Fly)2
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)4
Eremobia ochroleuca (Dusky Sallow)3
Eristalis arbustorum2
Eristalis pertinax2
Eristalis tenax (drone fly)2
Euclidia glyphica (Burnet Companion Moth)3
Euthrix potatoria (Drinker Moth)2
Geomyza balachowskyi2
Gonepteryx rhamni (Brimstone Butterfly)2
Helcystogramma rufescens4
Helophilus pendulus (Striped Hover Fly)3
Hesperia comma (Silver-spotted Skipper)2
Hipparchia fagi (Woodland Grayling)3
Hipparchia semele (Grayling)3
Hydrellia maura2
Idaea ochrata (Bright Wave)2
Larinus planus2
Leptopterna dolabrata (meadow plant bug)6
Liriomyza flaveola3
Liriomyza strigata3
Lycaena phlaeas (Small Copper Butterfly)2
Maniola jurtina (Meadow Brown Butterfly)7
Melanargia galathea (Marbled White)5
Mesapamea secalis (Common Rustic)3
Muellerianella fairmairei2
Mythimna turca (Double Line)2
Nephrotoma appendiculata (spotted crane fly)2
Noctua orbona (Lunar Yellow Underwing)2
Oligia strigilis (Marbled Minor)2
Omphaloscelis lunosa (Lunar Underwing Moth)2
Opomyza germinationis3
Oscinella frit (fruit fly)4
Oscinella nitidissima2
Pachetra sagittigera (Feathered Ear)2
Papilio machaon (Old World swallowtail)2
Pararge aegeria (Speckled Wood Butterfly)4
Parasyrphus annulatus3
Phaonia angelicae3
Phorbia fumigata3
Pieris brassicae (Large White)3
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)3
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)4
Polites mystic (long dash skipper)2
Polyommatus icarus (Common Blue Butterfly)2
Psammotettix confinis2
Pyronia tithonus (Gatekeeper)2
Rivula sericealis (Straw Dot Moth)2
Scotopteryx chenopodiata (Shaded Broad-bar Moth)2
Sericomyia silentis3
Stenotus binotatus (Two-spotted Grass Bug)3
Thrips angusticeps2
Thymelicus acteon (Lulworth Skipper)6
Thymelicus sylvestris (Small Skipper)11
Volucella bombylans3
Volucella pellucens (White-banded Drone Fly)2
Zyginidia scutellaris3


Pollinator of 
Calluna vulgaris (heather)[2]
Calopogon tuberosus (Simpson's grasspink)[2]
Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus[5]
Centaurea jacea (Brown Knapweed)[4]
Lotus pedunculatus (big trefoil)[4]
Spiraea alba (White Spiraea)[5]
Succisa pratensis (devilsbit)[2]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[4]
Trifolium dubium (hop clover)[4]
Valeriana officinalis (garden valerian)[4]
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)[4]


Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Butterflies of Canada, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
4Ecology of Commanster
5Small, E. 1976. Insect pollinators of the Mer Bleue peat bog of Ottawa. Canadian Field Naturalist 90:22-28.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access