The Canadian Melanolophia (Melanolophia canadaria) is a moth of the Geometridae family. It is found from Florida to Nova Scotia, west to Saskatchewan and south to Texas. The wingspan is 30-36 mm. Adults have dark brown or brown mottled wings. They are on wing from March to September in two generations per year. The larvae feed on the leaves of Betula, Ulmus, Acer, Quercus, Pinus and Prunus species.