Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Noctuoidea > Arctiidae > Arctia > Arctia caja

Arctia caja (garden tiger moth)

Wikipedia Abstract

The garden tiger moth or great tiger moth (Arctia caja) is a moth of the family Erebidae. It has a wingspan of 45 to 65 millimetres (1.8 to 2.6 in). The design of the wings varies: the front wings are brown with a white pattern (which can however be missing), the back wings are orange with a pattern of black dots. The conspicuous patterns serve as a warning to predators, because the moth's body fluids are poisonous. Its effects are not yet fully known, but they contain quantities of neurotoxic choline esters which act by interfering with the acetylcholine receptor. The colours are also ideal for frightening predators such as small birds: the moth normally hides its hindwings under the cryptic forewings when resting. If a threat is perceived, the moth quickly shows its red colour and flies
View Wikipedia Record: Arctia caja


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Asby Complex 7715 England, United Kingdom
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Cors Fochno 1613 Wales, United Kingdom
Corsydd Môn/ Anglesey Fens 1154 Wales, United Kingdom  
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Culbin Bar 1514 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cwm Doethie – Mynydd Mallaen 10186 Wales, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Drigg Coast 3453 England, United Kingdom
Durness 2997 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Fenn`s, Whixall, Bettisfield, Wem and Cadney Mosses 2346 England/Wales, United Kingdom  
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kennet Valley Alderwoods 140 England, United Kingdom  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Rum 26775 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Solway Mosses 4849 England, United Kingdom
Stodmarsh 1395 England, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The Lizard 8048 England, United Kingdom    
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Thorne Moor 4718 England, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
West Midlands Mosses 455 England, United Kingdom  
Witherslack Mosses 1202 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  


Prey / Diet

Alnus incana (gray alder)[1]
Betula pendula (European white birch)[1]
Calystegia sepium (devil's guts)[1]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[1]
Crataegus intricata (Copenhagen hawthorn)[1]
Cucumis sativus (garden cucumber)[1]
Cynoglossum clandestinum (gypsyflower)[2]
Filipendula ulmaria (Meadowsweet)[1]
Geum rivale (Water Avens)[1]
Lactuca sativa (Lettuce)[2]
Lamium album (white deadnettle)[2]
Lamium purpureum (purple deadnettle)[2]
Malus pumila (Common apple)[1]
Malus sylvestris (Crab Apple)[2]
Plantago lanceolata (narrowleaf plantain)[3]
Prunus domestica (plum)[4]
Prunus padus (Bird Cherry)[4]
Pyrus communis (common pear)[2]
Rumex crispus (narrowleaf dock)[2]
Rumex oblongifolius (bluntleaf dock)[3]
Salix aurita (eared willow)[2]
Salix fragilis (crack willow)[4]
Sorbus aucuparia (Mountain Ash)[3]
Stellaria media (chickweed)[2]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[2]
Urtica dioica (California nettle)[3]
Vitis vinifera (wine grape)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)6
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)5
Acronicta euphorbiae (Sweet Gale Moth)7
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)7
Acronicta rumicis (Knot Grass)5
Acronicta tridens (Dark Dagger)5
Arctia villica (Cream-spot Tiger)6
Athetis pallustris (Marsh Moth)4
Autographa bractea (Gold Spangle)4
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)5
Autographa pulchrina (Beautiful Golden Y)4
Axylia putris (Flame)5
Biston betularia (peppered moth)4
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)5
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)6
Caradrina morpheus (Mottled Rustic)4
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)4
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)5
Chloroclysta siterata (Red-green Carpet)4
Cilix glaucata4
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)6
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)6
Coleophora anatipennella4
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)4
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)6
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)4
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)5
Cossus cossus (Goat Moth)4
Diachrysia chrysitis (Burnished Brass Moth)4
Diloba caeruleocephala4
Ditula angustiorana (Red-barred Tortrix)4
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)6
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)6
Euproctis similis4
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)5
Gastropacha quercifolia (Lappet)4
Hepialus humuli (Ghost Moth)4
Idaea aversata (Riband Wave Moth)5
Lacanobia contigua (Beautiful Brocade)6
Lacanobia oleracea (Bright-line Brown-Eye Moth)6
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)7
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)4
Linaria cannabina (Common Linnet)4
Lithophane hepatica4
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)6
Lyonetia clerkella (Apple Leaf Miner Moth)4
Melanchra persicariae (Dot Moth)4
Naenia typica (Gothic)5
Noctua fimbriata (Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing)4
Nola cucullatella (Short-cloaked Moth)4
Nymphalis polychloros (Large Tortoiseshell Butterfly)5
Ochropleura plecta (flame-shouldered dart)5
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)4
Orthosia gothica (Hebrew Character)5
Orthosia opima (Northern Drab)5
Parasemia plantaginis (Wood Tiger Moth)4
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)6
Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)8
Phyllonorycter corylifoliella4
Poecilocampa populi (December Moth)4
Polia bombycina (Pale Shining Brown)4
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)4
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)6
Smerinthus ocellata5
Spilosoma lubricipeda (White Ermine Moth)5
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)4
Swammerdamia pyrella4
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)4
Xestia rhomboidea (Square-spotted Clay)4
Yponomeuta padella (Common Hawthorn Ermel Moth)4


Pimpla rufipes (Black Slip Wasp)[3]


Parasitized by 
Pimpla rufipes[3]




Attributes / relations provided by
1HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
2Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
3Ecology of Commanster
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access