Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Orthoptera > Grylloidea > Gryllidae > Gryllus > Gryllus pennsylvanicus
 

Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket; Pennsylvania Field Cricket)

Synonyms: Acheta nigra; Acheta pennsylvanica; Gryllus abbreviatus; Gryllus angustus; Gryllus arenaceus; Gryllus assimilis f. pennsylvanicus; Gryllus assimilis pennsylvanicus; Gryllus luctuosus; Gryllus niger; Gryllus pennsylvanicus

Wikipedia Abstract

Gryllus pennsylvanicus is known as the fall field cricket. G. pennsylvanicus is common in southern Ontario, is widespread across much of North America and can be found even into parts of northern Mexico. It tends to be absent in most of the southwestern United States including southern California. Within its range this field cricket will burrow into soil in fields and forest edges. Individuals inhabit grassy disturbed areas and are often found around areas of human habitation.
View Wikipedia Record: Gryllus pennsylvanicus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[1]
Medicago sativa (yellow alfalfa)[2]
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Common Ragweed)[1]
Cichorium intybus (chicory)[1]
Digitaria ischaemum (small crabgrass)[1]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)2
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)1
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)1
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)2
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)3
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)1
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)2
Marmota monax (woodchuck)2
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)3
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)1
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)4
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)3
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)3
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)2
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)2
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)3
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)3
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)2
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)4
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)3

Predators

Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)[1]
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[1]
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[1]
Aquarius remigis (Common water strider)[1]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[1]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[1]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[1]
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)[1]
Cicindela sexguttata (Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)[1]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[1]
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)[1]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[1]
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)[1]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[1]
Dolichovespula maculata (baldfaced hornet)[1]
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)[1]
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)[1]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[1]
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)[1]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[1]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[1]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[1]
Lithobius forficatus (Brown centipede)[1]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[1]
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[1]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[1]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[1]
Phidippus audax (Daring Jumping Spider)[1]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[1]
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)[1]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[1]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[1]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[1]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[1]
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)[1]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[1]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[1]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[1]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[1]
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)[1]
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)[1]
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)[1]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[1]
Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)[1]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[1]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[1]

Providers

Shelter 
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[1]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[1]
Cypripedium acaule (moccasin flower)[1]
Flavoparmelia caperata (flavoparmelia lichen)[1]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[1]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[1]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[1]
Symphyotrichum dumosum (Small White Aster)[1]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[1]
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Common Ragweed)[1]
Cichorium intybus (chicory)[1]
Digitaria ischaemum (small crabgrass)[1]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[1]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens

Distribution

Northern America (Eastern Canada, Northwestern U.S.A., North-Central U.S.A., Northeastern U.S.A., Southwestern U.S.A., South-Central U.S.A., Southeastern U.S.A., Mexico); Northern America(Eastern Canada, Northwestern U.S.A., North-Central U.S.A., Northeastern U.S.A., Southwestern U.S.A., South-Central U.S.A., Southeastern U.S.A., Mexico); Type locality: Asia-Temperate, Eastern Asia, Taiwan, Arisan;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access