Animalia > Porifera > Demospongiae > Chondrosida > Chondrillidae > Chondrilla > Chondrilla nucula
 

Chondrilla nucula (Chicken liver sponge)

Synonyms: Chondrilla embolophora

Wikipedia Abstract

Chondrilla nucula is a sea sponge belonging to the Phylum Porifera. It is an amorphous shaped sponge that grows in flat, sometimes bulbous sheets in benthic communities. It is sometimes found in marginal, stressful systems such as caves. Such sponges are white, lacking access to sunlight, and photosymbionts. It is known to be preyed upon by the hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata.
View Wikipedia Record: Chondrilla nucula

Predators

Cantherhines pullus (Tobaccofish)[1]
Eretmochelys imbricata (Hawksbill)[2]
Holacanthus ciliaris (Yellow angelfish)[1]
Holacanthus passer (whitestripe angelfish)[3]
Holacanthus tricolor (Yellow nanny)[4]
Pomacanthus arcuatus (Pot cover)[1]
Pomacanthus paru (French angelfish)[1]
Pomacanthus zonipectus (Cortez angelfish)[3]

Distribution

ERMS scope; Croatian Exclusive Economic Zone; Tuléar; Mediterranean Sea; Anakao; Mahe Island; Mediterranean Sea; Red Sea; Landing Bay, Entedebir; Nocra; Tunisia; Azores;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by van Soest, Rob, , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Sponge-feeding fishes of the West Indies, J. E. Randall and W. D. Hartman, Marine Biol. 1, 216-225 (1968) 2Spongivory in Hawksbill Turtles: A Diet of Glass, Anne Meylan, Science, New Series, Vol. 239, No. 4838 (Jan. 22, 1988), pp. 393-395 3A Qualitative Assessment of Sponge-Feeding Organisms from the Mexican Pacific Coast, Padilla Verdín C.J., Carballo J.L. and Camacho M.L., The Open Marine Biology Journal, 2010, 4, 39-46 4The feeding ecology of three species of Caribbean angelfishes (family Pomacanthidae), Thomas F. Hourigan, Frank G. Stanton, Phillip J. Motta, Christopher D. Kelley & Bruce Carlson, Environmental Biology of Fishes Vol. 24. No. 2. pp. 105-116. 1989
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