Animalia > Porifera > Demospongiae > Chondrillida > Chondrillidae > Chondrilla > Chondrilla nucula
 

Chondrilla nucula (Chicken liver sponge)

Synonyms: Chondrilla embolophora

Wikipedia Abstract

Chondrilla nucula, sometimes called the "Caribbean Chicken-liver sponge," is a sea sponge belonging to the Phylum Porifera.It is an amorphous shaped sponge that grows in flat, sometimes bulbous sheets in benthic communities. It is sometimes found in marginal, stressful systems such as caves. Such sponges are white, lacking access to sunlight, and photosymbionts. It is known to be preyed upon by the hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata.
View Wikipedia Record: Chondrilla nucula

Predators

Acantholobulus bermudensis (strongtooth mud crab)[1]
Acanthostracion polygonius (Cowfish)[1]
Acanthostracion quadricornis (Trunkfish)[1]
Acanthurus bahianus (Shitty trooper)[1]
Acanthurus chirurgus (Doctorfish)[1]
Acanthurus coeruleus (Yellow doctorfish)[1]
Aegires ortizi[1]
Alpheus armatus (brown snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus armillatus (banded snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus cristulifrons (dotted snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus floridanus (sand snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus formosus (striped snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus heterochaelis (bigclaw snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus normanni (green snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus peasei (orangetail snapping shrimp)[1]
Atagema browni[1]
Branchiosyllis oculata[1]
Cantherhines pullus (Tobaccofish)[2]
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)[1]
Ceratophyllidia papilligera[1]
Chaetodipterus faber (White angelfish)[1]
Dendrodoris krebsii (Kreb's doris)[1]
Diodora dysoni (Dyson's keyhole limpet)[1]
Eretmochelys imbricata (Hawksbill)[3]
Erosaria spurca (Dirty Cowry)[1]
Eucidaris tribuloides (slate pencil urchin)[1]
Felimida clenchi (harlequin blue doris)[1]
Garthiope barbadensis (prickly mud crab)[1]
Geitodoris pusae[1]
Hexabranchus morsomus[1]
Holacanthus ciliaris (Yellow angelfish)[2]
Holacanthus passer (whitestripe angelfish)[4]
Holacanthus tricolor (Yellow nanny)[5]
Kyphosus incisor (Yellow sea chub)[1]
Kyphosus sectatrix (Rudderfish)[1]
Lactophrys trigonus (Trunkfish)[1]
Luria cinerea (atlantic gray cowrie)[1]
Lutjanus synagris (Walliacke)[1]
Macrocypraea zebra (measled cowrie)[1]
Micropanope nuttingi (beaded mud crab)[1]
Montereina branneri[1]
Paguristes cadenati (red reef hermit)[1]
Paguristes tortugae (bandeye hermit)[1]
Pagurus bonairensis[1]
Pagurus brevidactylus (Hermit crab)[1]
Panopeus occidentalis (furrowed mud crab)[1]
Pilumnus dasypodus (shortspine hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus diomedeae[1]
Pilumnus gemmatus (tuberculate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus holosericus (roseate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus lacteus (velvet hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus longleyi (studded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus marshi (quadrate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus pannosus (beaded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus reticulatus[1]
Pilumnus sayi (spineback hairy crab)[1]
Platydoris angustipes (Common leather doris)[1]
Pomacanthus arcuatus (Pot cover)[2]
Pomacanthus paru (French angelfish)[2]
Pomacanthus zonipectus (Cortez angelfish)[4]
Rhinesomus triqueter (Trunkfish)[1]
Scarus guacamaia (Blue rainbow)[1]
Scarus iseri (Striped parrotfish)[1]
Scarus taeniopterus (Blue chub)[1]
Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Black parrot)[1]
Sparisoma chrysopterum (Redtail parrotfish)[1]
Sparisoma rubripinne (Yellowtail parrotfish)[1]
Sparisoma viride (Stoplight parrotfish)[1]
Synalpheus brevicarpus (Short-clawed sponge shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus fritzmuelleri (speckled snapping shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus goodei[1]
Synalpheus longicarpus (Longclawed sponge shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus pandionis (turtlegrass snapping shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus townsendi (Townsend snapping shrimp)[1]

Distribution

ERMS scope; Croatian Exclusive Economic Zone; Tuléar; Mediterranean Sea; Anakao; Mahe Island; Mediterranean Sea; Red Sea; Landing Bay, Entedebir; Nocra; Tunisia; Azores;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 2Sponge-feeding fishes of the West Indies, J. E. Randall and W. D. Hartman, Marine Biol. 1, 216-225 (1968) 3Spongivory in Hawksbill Turtles: A Diet of Glass, Anne Meylan, Science, New Series, Vol. 239, No. 4838 (Jan. 22, 1988), pp. 393-395 4A Qualitative Assessment of Sponge-Feeding Organisms from the Mexican Pacific Coast, Padilla Verdín C.J., Carballo J.L. and Camacho M.L., The Open Marine Biology Journal, 2010, 4, 39-46 5The feeding ecology of three species of Caribbean angelfishes (family Pomacanthidae), Thomas F. Hourigan, Frank G. Stanton, Phillip J. Motta, Christopher D. Kelley & Bruce Carlson, Environmental Biology of Fishes Vol. 24. No. 2. pp. 105-116. 1989
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