Animalia > Porifera > Demospongiae > Haplosclerida > Petrosiidae > Xestospongia > Xestospongia muta
 

Xestospongia muta (giant barrel sponge)

Synonyms: Petrosia muta; Schmidtia muta

Wikipedia Abstract

The giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta) is the largest species of sponge found growing on Caribbean coral reefs. It is common at depths greater than 10 metres (33 ft) down to 120 metres (390 ft) and can reach a diameter of 1.8 metres (6 feet). It is typically brownish-red to brownish-gray in color, with a hard or stony texture. The giant barrel sponge has been called the "redwood of the reef" because of its size and estimated lifespan of hundreds to a thousand or more years. It is perhaps the best-studied species of sponge in the sea; a population on Conch Reef, in the Florida Keys, has been monitored and studied since 1997.
View Wikipedia Record: Xestospongia muta

Predators

Acantholobulus bermudensis (strongtooth mud crab)[1]
Acanthostracion polygonius (Cowfish)[1]
Acanthostracion quadricornis (Trunkfish)[1]
Acanthurus bahianus (Shitty trooper)[1]
Acanthurus chirurgus (Doctorfish)[1]
Acanthurus coeruleus (Yellow doctorfish)[1]
Aegires ortizi[1]
Alpheus armatus (brown snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus armillatus (banded snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus cristulifrons (dotted snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus floridanus (sand snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus formosus (striped snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus heterochaelis (bigclaw snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus normanni (green snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus peasei (orangetail snapping shrimp)[1]
Atagema browni[1]
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)[1]
Ceratophyllidia papilligera[1]
Chaetodipterus faber (White angelfish)[1]
Dendrodoris krebsii (Kreb's doris)[1]
Diodora dysoni (Dyson's keyhole limpet)[1]
Eretmochelys imbricata (Hawksbill)[1]
Eucidaris tribuloides (slate pencil urchin)[1]
Felimida clenchi (harlequin blue doris)[1]
Garthiope barbadensis (prickly mud crab)[1]
Geitodoris pusae[1]
Hexabranchus morsomus[1]
Holacanthus tricolor (Yellow nanny)[1]
Kyphosus incisor (Yellow sea chub)[1]
Kyphosus sectatrix (Rudderfish)[1]
Lactophrys trigonus (Trunkfish)[1]
Lactophrys triqueter (Trunkfish)[1]
Luria cinerea (atlantic gray cowrie)[1]
Lutjanus synagris (Walliacke)[1]
Macrocypraea zebra (measled cowrie)[1]
Micropanope nuttingi (beaded mud crab)[1]
Naria spurca (Dirty Cowry)[1]
Paguristes cadenati (red reef hermit)[1]
Paguristes tortugae (bandeye hermit)[1]
Pagurus bonairensis[1]
Pagurus brevidactylus (Hermit crab)[1]
Panopeus occidentalis (furrowed mud crab)[1]
Pilumnus dasypodus (shortspine hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus diomedeae[1]
Pilumnus gemmatus (tuberculate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus holosericus (roseate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus lacteus (velvet hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus longleyi (studded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus marshi (quadrate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus pannosus (beaded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus reticulatus[1]
Pilumnus sayi (spineback hairy crab)[1]
Platydoris angustipes (Common leather doris)[1]
Pomacanthus arcuatus (Pot cover)[1]
Pomacanthus paru (French angelfish)[1]
Scarus guacamaia (Blue rainbow)[1]
Scarus iseri (Striped parrotfish)[1]
Scarus taeniopterus (Blue chub)[1]
Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Black parrot)[1]
Sparisoma chrysopterum (Redtail parrotfish)[1]
Sparisoma rubripinne (Yellowtail parrotfish)[1]
Sparisoma viride (Stoplight parrotfish)[1]
Synalpheus brevicarpus (Short-clawed sponge shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus fritzmuelleri (speckled snapping shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus goodei[1]
Synalpheus longicarpus (Longclawed sponge shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus pandionis (turtlegrass snapping shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus townsendi (Townsend snapping shrimp)[1]

Distribution

Caribbean Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access