Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Testudines > Cheloniidae > Caretta > Caretta caretta
 

Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)

Synonyms: Caouana elongata; Chelonia caouana; Chelonia caretta; Chelonia multiscutata; Testudo caouana; Testudo caretta; Testudo corianna; Testudo marina; Testudo nasicornis; Thalassochelys caretta; Thalassochelys cauana

Infraspecies

Caretta caretta caretta (Atlantic loggerhead turtle)
Caretta caretta gigas (Pacific loggerhead turtle)

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Caretta caretta

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  345.03 lbs (156.50 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  10 years
Male Maturity [2]  10 years
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Gestation [2]  60 days
Litter Size [2]  115
Maximum Longevity [2]  37 years
Migration [1]  Interoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Reef, Coastal, Brackish Water

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Maldives Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
ARKOI, LEIPSOI, AGATHONISI KAI VRACHONISIDES 30660 Greece  
ASTYPALAIA: ANATOLIKO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI OFIDOUSSA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (AKR. LANTRA - AKR. VRYSI 17365 Greece    
Arcipelago La Maddalena 51781 Italy  
Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre 31419 Italy    
Arxipèlag de Cabrera 50735 Spain  
BAHIA DE CADIZ 26000 Spain  
Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia 75991 Spain    
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
CHERSONISOS RODOPOU - PARALIA MALEME 21739 Greece    
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cap Enderrocat-cap Blanc 17495 Spain  
Cap de Creus 34210 Spain  
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Capo Figari, Cala Sabina, Punta Canigione e Isola Figarolo 10015 Italy    
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Costa e Entroterra di Bosa, Suni e Montresta 20302 Italy  
Costes del Garraf 65418 Spain  
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA 36139 Greece  
DRAPANO (VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES) - PARALIA GEORGIOUPOLIS - LIMNI KOURNA 11147 Greece  
DYTIKES AKTES KEFALONIAS - STENO KEFALONIAS ITHAKIS - VOREIA ITHAKI (AKROTIRIA GERO GKOMPOS - DRAKOU 46314 Greece    
DYTIKES KAI VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU 52928 Greece  
Delta de l'Ebre 119562 Spain  
Delta du Saloum National Park II 179029 Senegal  
Duna e Lago di Lesina - Foce del Fortore 24273 Italy  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
EKVOLES EVROTA 13269 Greece  
ESTRECHO 47388 Spain  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Golfo di Orosei 71515 Italy  
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Ilhas Desertas 27927 Portugal      
Ilhas Selvagens 14214 Portugal      
Illes Columbretes 30409 Spain      
Illots de Benidorm i Serra Gelada 15302 Spain  
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Isola Asinara 23893 Italy    
Isola di Capraia - area terrestre e marina 45475 Italy    
Isola di Giannutri - area terrestre e marina 27236 Italy  
Isola di Gorgona - area terrestre e marina 36616 Italy    
Isola di Montecristo e Formica di Montecristo - area terrestre e marina 38259 Italy  
Isola di Pianosa - area terrestre e marina 13586 Italy  
Isole del Nord - Est tra Capo Ceraso e Stagno di San Teodoro 44909 Italy    
Isole di Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone, Ventotene e S. Stefano 42423 Italy  
KOLPOS LAGANA ZAKYNTHOU (AKR. GERAKI - KERI) KAI NISIDES MARATHONISI KAI PELOUZO 17193 Greece  
KOS: AKROTIRIO LOUROS - LIMNI PSALIDI - OROS DIKAIOS - ALYKI - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI 25052 Greece  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Laghi di Lesina e Varano 37550 Italy  
Laguna di Marano e Grado 40434 Italy  
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Litorale di Gallipoli e Isola S. Andrea 17312 Italy  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Mochima National Park 206087 Venezuela  
Monte Capanne e promontorio dell'Enfola 16694 Italy  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
NISOI GAVDOS KAI GAVDOPOULA 15544 Greece    
NISOI SAPIENTZA KAI SCHIZA, AKROTIRIO AKRITAS 27903 Greece  
PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI APO AKR. KYLLINI EOS TOUMPI - KALOGRIA 32535 Greece  
PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI APO ARGOSTOLI EOS VLACHATA (KEFALONIA) KAI ORMOS MOUNTA 9232 Greece  
PRASSANO FARANGI - PATSOS - SFAKORYAKO REMA - PARALIA RETHYMNOU KAI EKVOLI GEROPOTAMOU, AKR. LIANOS 32424 Greece    
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Paludi presso il Golfo di Manfredonia 35675 Italy  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva Estatal del Palmar Reserve 122954 Mexico    
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
SAMOS: OROS KERKETEFS - MIKRO KAI MEGALO SEITANI - DASOS KASTANIAS KAI LEKKAS, AKR. KATAVASIS - LIME 16515 Greece  
Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano 12039 Italy  
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera 40611 Spain  
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri 14083 Italy  
THALASSIA PERIOCHI KOLPOU KYPARISSIAS: AKR. KATAKOLO - KYPARISSIA 27286 Greece  
Torre Guaceto e Macchia S. Giovanni 19714 Italy    
Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela 44096 Italy  
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
YGROTOPOS EKVOLON KALAMA KAI NISOS PRASOUDI 21108 Greece  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

South Carolina

Prey / Diet

Ampharete oculata[3]
Anomia simplex (common jingle)[3]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[3]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[3]
Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[3]
Chelonibia patula (Crab barnacle)[3]
Ensis directus (Atlantic razor clam)[3]
Faughnia haani (Mantis shrimp)[3]
Ilyanassa obsoleta (eastern mudsnail)[3]
Ilyanassa trivittata (threeline mudsnail)[3]
Limulus polyphemus (horseshoe crab)[3]
Lobatus gigas (pink or queen conch)[4]
Mercenaria mercenaria (northern quahog)[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[3]
Molgula manhattensis (Sea grape)[3]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[3]
Mulinia lateralis (dwarf surfclam)[3]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[3]
Nassarius vibex (bruised nassa)[3]
Neverita duplicata (shark eye)[3]
Ovalipes ocellatus (ocellate lady crab)[3]
Persephona mediterranea (mottled purse crab)[3]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[3]
Ruppia maritima (Ditch grass)[3]
Sertularia argentea (Squirrel's tail)[3]
Ulva lactuca (Chicory sea lettuce)[3]
Zostera marina (Eel Grass)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthurus bahianus (Shitty trooper)1
Aetobatus narinari (White-spotted eagle ray)1
Albula vulpes (Bonefish)1
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)1
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)1
Aythya americana (Redhead)2
Balistes vetula (Turbot)1
Bucephala islandica (Barrow's Goldeneye)1
Calidris canutus (Red Knot)1
Calidris maritima (Purple Sandpiper)1
Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)1
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)3
Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1
Centropomus undecimalis (Thin snook)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Cephalopholis cruentata (Grouper)1
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Crossaster papposus (spiny sun star, common sun star)1
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)1
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)1
Dasyatis americana (Kit)1
Dasyatis centroura (clam cracker)1
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)1
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)2
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)1
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)1
Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogftsh)1
Lagodon rhomboides (Salt-water bream)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)1
Lepidochelys kempii (Atlantic Ridley, Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle)13
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)4
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)1
Limnodromus griseus (Short-billed Dowitcher)2
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)1
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)1
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)2
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)2
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)1
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)3
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)1
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)1
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)1
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)3
Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Neotropic Cormorant)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)1
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)3
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)5
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)2
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)2
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)2
Rynchops niger (Black Skimmer)1
Scarus coelestinus (Midnight Parrotfish)1
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)3
Somateria mollissima (Common Eider)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)3
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)1
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)1
Tautoga onitis (Tautog)3
Tautogolabrus adspersus (Sea perch)2
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1

Predators

Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Adenogaster serialis <Unverified Name>[6]
Anisakis simplex[6]
Calycodes anthos[6]
Carettacola bipora[6]
Cricocephalus albus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cucullanus carettae <Unverified Name>[6]
Cymatocarpus solearis <Unverified Name>[6]
Cymatocarpus undulatus[6]
Diaschistorchis pandus[6]
Distomum pachyderma <Unverified Name>[6]
Elytrophallus carettae <Unverified Name>[6]
Enodiotrema megachondrus[6]
Hapalotrema loossii[6]
Hapalotrema mistroides[6]
Hapalotrema synorchis[6]
Kathlania leptura <Unverified Name>[6]
Neocaballerotrema caballeroi <Unverified Name>[6]
Neospirorchis pricei <Unverified Name>[6]
Orchidasma amphiorchis[6]
Pachypsolus irroratus[6]
Pachypsolus ovalis[6]
Plagiorchis ovalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Plesiochorus cymbiformis[6]
Pleurogonius trigonocephalus[6]
Schizamphistomum scleroporum[6]
Shobanatrema shobanae <Unverified Name>[6]
Sulcascaris sulcata <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquarium
Albuquerque Biological Park
Aquamarine Fukushima
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Georgia Sea Turtle Center
Living Seas
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
New England Aquarium
New York Aquarium
Newport Aquarium
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
South Carolina Aquarium
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Living Museum
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)

Distribution

Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans, Japan, Gulf of Thailand, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000], Chile, Argentina, Kenya, the British Isles, and Newfoundland Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Israel, Eritrea, Tanzania (?), United A;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Uetz P., , in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3HISTORICAL DIET ANALYSIS OF LOGGERHEAD (CARETTA CARETTA) AND KEMP’S RIDLEY (LEPIDOCHELYS KEMPI) SEA TURTLES IN VIRGINIA, Erin E. Seney, A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the School of Marine Science The College of William and Mary in Virginia (2003) 4Queen Conch Predators: Not a Roadblock to Mariculture, Darryl E. Jory and Edwin S. Iversen, Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 35:108-111. (1983) 5Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967) 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011