Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Testudines > Cheloniidae > Chelonia > Chelonia mydas
 

Chelonia mydas (Green Turtle)

Synonyms: Caretta cepedii; Chelone mydas; Chelonia albiventer; Chelonia lachrymata; Chelonia midas; Chelonia mydas carrinegra; Euchelus macropus; Mydas viridis; Natator tessellatus; Testudo cepediana; Testudo macropus; Testudo marina vulgaris; Testudo mydas; Thalassiochelys albiventer

Wikipedia Abstract

The green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas), also known as the green turtle, black (sea) turtle, or Pacific green turtle, is a large sea turtle of the family Cheloniidae. It is the only species in the genus Chelonia. Its range extends throughout tropical and subtropical seas around the world, with two distinct populations in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but it is also found in the Indian Ocean. The common name comes from the usually green fat found beneath its carapace; these turtles' shells are olive to black.
View Wikipedia Record: Chelonia mydas

Infraspecies

Chelonia mydas agassizi (black sea turtle)
Chelonia mydas japonica (Synonym of Chelonia mydas agassizii, Pacific green turtle)
Chelonia mydas mydas (Atlantic green turtle)

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Chelonia mydas

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  352.74 lbs (160.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  10 years
Male Maturity [2]  10 years
Emoji [3]  turtle
Gestation [2]  59 days
Litter Size [2]  150
Maximum Longevity [2]  75 years
Migration [1]  Interoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Christmas and Cocos Islands tropical forests Australia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Maldives Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abrolhos Marine National Park 225607 Bahia, Brazil      
Akyatan Lagoon 36324 Adana, Turkey      
Aldabra Special Reserve 86487 Seychelles    
American Memorial Park   Saipan, Northern Mariana Island  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Archipiélago Los Roques National Park 409203 Venezuela    
Ashmore Reef Commonwealth Marine Reserve 144062 Australia      
ASTYPALAIA: ANATOLIKO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI OFIDOUSSA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (AKR. LANTRA - AKR. VRYSI 17365 Greece    
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Bunaken Manado Tua Marine National Park II 241403 Indonesia  
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Culebra National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
Delta du Saloum National Park II 179029 Senegal  
DYTIKES AKTES KEFALONIAS - STENO KEFALONIAS ITHAKIS - VOREIA ITHAKI (AKROTIRIA GERO GKOMPOS - DRAKOU 46314 Greece    
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Kiunga Marine National Reserve VI 60208 Kenya  
Komodo National Park II 514967 Indonesia  
KOS: AKROTIRIO LOUROS - LIMNI PSALIDI - OROS DIKAIOS - ALYKI - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI 25052 Greece  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Mochima National Park 206087 Venezuela  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
National Diamond Coast Recreational Resort V 14514 Namibia  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva Estatal del Palmar Reserve 122954 Mexico    
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
Siberut National Park II 481789 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Sirinath National Park Marine National Park II 22767 Thailand
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Mexico

Prey / Diet

Acarnus erithacus[4]
Amphimedon compressa (Red Finger Sponge)[5]
Antipathes galapagensis[4]
Aplysia vaccaria (California black seahare)[4]
Ascidia interrupta[4]
Avicennia germinans (black mangrove)[4]
Chironex fleckeri (marine stinger, sea wasp)[4]
Columbella fuscata[4]
Dentalium neohexagonum (Hexagon tuskshell)[4]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[4]
Halodule uninervis (halodule)[4]
Halodule wrightii (shoalweed)[5]
Halophila baillonis (Florida Keys seagrass)[4]
Hymeniacidon sinapium[4]
Mytella brasiliensis[4]
Olivella dama[4]
Phyllospadix torreyi (Torrey's surfgrass)[4]
Pleuroncodes planipes (pelagic red crab)[4]
Ptilosarcus undulatus[4]
Sertularia albimaris[5]
Syringodium filiforme (manatee grass)[5]
Thalassia testudinum (turtlegrass)[5]
Zostera capricorni[4]
Zostera marina (Eel Grass)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthurus chirurgus (Doctorfish)2
Acanthurus coeruleus (Yellow doctorfish)1
Aluterus schoepfii (Tobaccofish)2
Aythya americana (Redhead)1
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)1
Chaetodipterus faber (White angelfish)1
Hemiramphus brasiliensis (Ballyhoo halfbeak)2
Lactophrys bicaudalis (Trunkfish)2
Monacanthus ciliatus (Leather-fish)1
Mugil curema (White mullet)1
Pomacanthus arcuatus (Pot cover)1
Pomacanthus paru (French angelfish)1
Scarus coelestinus (Midnight Parrotfish)1
Scarus guacamaia (Blue rainbow)2
Scarus taeniopterus (Blue chub)1
Scarus vetula (Blownose)1
Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Black parrot)1
Sparisoma chrysopterum (Redtail parrotfish)1
Sparisoma radians (Sleep on grass)1
Sparisoma rubripinne (Yellowtail parrotfish)1
Sparisoma viride (Stoplight parrotfish)1
Stegastes fuscus (dusky damselfish)1

Predators

Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)[4]
Cephalopholis fulva (Yellowfish)[6]
Corvus ossifragus (Fish Crow)[4]
Epinephelus itajara (Jewfish)[4]
Fregata aquila (Ascension Frigatebird)[7]
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[8]
Ocypode quadrata (Atlantic ghost crab)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Adenogaster selfi[9]
Adenogaster serialis[9]
Amphiorchis indicus[9]
Amphiorchis solus[9]
Angiodictyium longum <Unverified Name>[9]
Angiodictyium parallelum <Unverified Name>[9]
Angiodictyium posterovitellatum <Unverified Name>[9]
Astioglossimetra karachiensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Astiotrema hanumantharai[9]
Calycodes anthos[9]
Carettacola elongatus[9]
Carettacola hawaiiensis[9]
Carettacola stunkardi[9]
Caryospora cheloniae <Unverified Name>[10]
Cetiosaccus gilberti[9]
Charaxicephalus loossi[9]
Cheloneotrema testicaudata[9]
Cricocephalus albus[9]
Cricocephalus glandularis[9]
Cricocephalus megastomus[9]
Cymatocarpus solearis[9]
Desmogonius desmogonius[9]
Deuterobaris intestinalis[9]
Deuterobaris proteus[9]
Diaschistorchis pandus[9]
Diaschistorchis prafullai[9]
Dolichosaccus cheloniae <Unverified Name>[9]
Enodiotrema megachondrus[9]
Enodiotrema reductum[9]
Hapalotrema dorsopora[9]
Hapalotrema loossii[9]
Hapalotrema mehrai[9]
Hapalotrema pambanensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Hapalotrema postorchis[9]
Hapalotrema synorchis[9]
Kathlania leptura <Unverified Name>[9]
Learedius europaeus[9]
Learedius learedi[9]
Learedius loochooensis[9]
Learedius orientale <Unverified Name>[9]
Metacetabulum invaginatum[9]
Metacetabulum karachiensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Microscaphidium aberrans[9]
Microscaphidium chelonei <Unverified Name>[9]
Microscaphidium reticulare[9]
Microscaphidium satyabrati[9]
Monticellius indicus[9]
Nagmia yorkei[9]
Neospirorchis schistasomatoides <Unverified Name>[9]
Octangium hyphalum[9]
Octangium sagitta[9]
Orchidasma amphiorchis[9]
Orchidasma cheloniae <Unverified Name>[9]
Orchidasma srivastavai[9]
Otobothrium cysticum[9]
Pachypsolus irroratus[9]
Paralepoderma acariaeum <Unverified Name>[9]
Paralepoderma cheloniae <Unverified Name>[9]
Plagiorchis brachus <Unverified Name>[9]
Plesiochorus cymbiformis[9]
Plesiochorus piriformis <Unverified Name>[9]
Pleurogonius americanus[9]
Pleurogonius grocotti[9]
Pleurogonius lobatus[9]
Pleurogonius longiusculus[9]
Pleurogonius sindhii[9]
Pleurogonius trigonocephalus[9]
Polyangium linguatula[9]
Polygorgyra cholados[9]
Pronocephalus obliquus[9]
Satyanarayanotrema satyanarayani[9]
Schizamphistomoides spinulosus[9]
Schizamphistomum erratum[9]
Schizamphistomum scleroporum[9]
Schizamphistomum taiwanense[9]
Telorchis diaphanus <Unverified Name>[9]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[9]
Tonaudia tonaudia <Unverified Name>[9]

Range Map

Aldabra Special Reserve; Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans, chiefly in the tropics. Adriatic Sea (Croatia ?), Italy (occasional occurence [E. RAZZETTI, pers. comm.]) Turkey [Basoglu 1973] Madagascar, Comoro Islands (Grande Comore, Mohélim Anjouan, Mayotte) It occurs as far nor;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Emoji by Twitter is licensed under CC BY 4.0
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5The Feeding Ecology of the West Caribbean Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) in Nicaragua, Jeanne A. Mortimer, BIOTROPICA 13(1): 49-58 1981
6Spatial distribution and diet of Cephalopholis fulva (Ephinephelidae) at Trindade Island, Brazil, Flavio do Nascimento Coelho, Hudson Tercio Pinheiro, Robson Guimarães dos Santos, Cristiano Queiroz de Albuquerque and Agnaldo Silva Martins, Neotropical Ichthyology, 2012
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8The biology of tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, in Shark Bay, Western Australia: sex ratio, size distribution, diet, and seasonal changes in catch rates, Michael R. Heithaus, Environmental Biology of Fishes 61: 25–36, 2001
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access