Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Testudines > Emydidae > Chrysemys > Chrysemys picta
 

Chrysemys picta (Painted Turtle)

Synonyms: Emys picta; Hydrochelys picta; Testudo picta; Trachemys picta

Wikipedia Abstract

The painted turtle (Chrysemys picta) is the most widespread native turtle of North America. It lives in slow-moving fresh waters, from southern Canada to Louisiana and northern Mexico, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The turtle is the only species of the genus Chrysemys, which is part of the pond turtle family Emydidae. Fossils show that the painted turtle existed 15 million years ago. Four regionally based subspecies (the eastern, midland, southern, and western) evolved during the last ice age.
View Wikipedia Record: Chrysemys picta

Infraspecies

Chrysemys picta bellii (Western painted turtle)
Chrysemys picta marginata (Midland painted turtle)
Chrysemys picta picta (Eastern painted turtle)

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  372 grams
Female Maturity [2]  7 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  4 years 6 months
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Hibernates [1]  Yes
Maximum Longevity [2]  61 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument V 4731 Nebraska, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Konza Prairie Biosphere Reserve 8617 Kansas, United States  
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
National Capital Region - East National Park   District of Columbia, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada

Emblem of

Illinois
Michigan

Prey / Diet

Pimephales notatus (Bluntnose minnow)[3]

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[3]
Lontra canadensis (northern river otter)[3]
Neovison vison (American Mink)[3]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amphibiocapillaria serpentina <Unverified Name>[4]
Eustomos chelydrae <Unverified Name>[4]
Haematotrema parvum <Unverified Name>[4]
Neoechinorhynchus chrysemydis[4]
Neoechinorhynchus emydis[4]
Neopolystoma elizabethae <Unverified Name>[4]
Polystomoides pauli <Unverified Name>[4]
Serpinema trispinosum <Unverified Name>[4]
Spirorchis artericola[4]
Spirorchis elegans[4]
Spirorchis elephantis[4]
Spirorchis haematobius <Unverified Name>[4]
Spirorchis innominatus[4]
Spirorchis kirki[4]
Spirorchis neurophilus[4]
Spirorchis parvus[4]
Spirorchis picta[4]
Spirorchis pseudemyae <Unverified Name>[4]
Spirorchis scripta[4]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[4]
Telorchis angustus <Unverified Name>[4]
Telorchis attenuata <Unverified Name>[4]
Telorchis chelopi <Unverified Name>[4]
Telorchis corti <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Albuquerque Biological Park
Aqua Zoo Frieslandbellii
Aquarium du Quebec
Bergen County Zoological Parkdorsalis
 picta
Biodome de Montreal
Boonshoft Museum of Discoverymarginata
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buttonwood Park Zoopicta
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Park Zoopicta
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chicago Zoological Parkdorsalis
 marginata
Cleveland Metroparks Zoomarginata
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Cosley Zoomarginata
Dakota Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Detroit Zoological Societymarginata
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
Greater Vancouver Zoobellii
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.dorsalis
Indian River Reptile Zoo
 marginata
 picta
Jackson Zoological Parkdorsalis
John Ball Zoological Garden
 picta
John G. Shedd Aquarium
 marginata
Kansas City Zoobellii
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardensmarginata
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Museum de Besancon
Nashville Zoo at Grassmerebellii
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Natural History Museum of Adirondacks
Northwest Trek Wildlife Parkbellii
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkbellii
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 picta
Oregon Zoobellii
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
 picta
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Phoenix Zoomarginata
Pine Grove Zoo
Planete Sauvage
Pueblo Zoo
Queens Zoo
Red River Zoo
Reid Park Zoobellii
Salisbury Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunnbellii
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarbellii
Scovill Zoo
South Carolina Aquarium
 dorsalis
Sunset Zoopicta
Tennessee Aquariumdorsalis
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardenspicta
Toledo Zoological Gardensmarginata
Toronto Zoomarginata
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museumpicta
Turtle Back Zoo
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
 picta
Virginia Living Museumpicta
Washington Park Zoological Gardenspicta
Western North Carolina Nature Centerpicta
Wildlife World Zoobellii
 dorsalis
Willow Park Zoobellii
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Hannover GmbHbellii
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiapicta
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)picta
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurtpicta
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgbellii
ZooMontana

Distribution

S Canada (from Nova Scotia to British Columbia), USA (Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsi;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access