Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Crocodylia > Crocodylidae > Crocodylus > Crocodylus palustris
 

Crocodylus palustris (Mugger crocodile, Swamp crocodile)

Synonyms: Crocodilus palustris; Crocodylus palustris kimbula

Wikipedia Abstract

The mugger crocodile (Crocodylus palustris = "crocodile of the marsh"), also called the Indian, Indus, Persian, marsh crocodile or simply mugger, is found throughout the Indian subcontinent and the surrounding countries, like Pakistan where the Sindhu crocodile is the National Reptile of Pakistan. It is one of the three crocodilians found in India, the others being the gharial and the saltwater crocodile.
View Wikipedia Record: Crocodylus palustris

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  485.02 lbs (220.00 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  6 years
Male Maturity [3]  10 years
Gestation [3]  65 days
Litter Size [3]  27
Maximum Longevity [4]  32 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Annaiwilundawa Tanks Sanctuary 3452 Sri Lanka      
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
National Chambal Sanctuary IV   Madhya Pradesh, India
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary IV 51099 Maharashtra, India  
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Pakistan

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthostomum indicum <Unverified Name>[5]
Micropleura helicospicula <Unverified Name>[5]
Multicaecum agile <Unverified Name>[5]
Proctocaecum slusarskii <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aurangabad Municipal Zoo
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Bhagwan Birsa Munda Biological Park
Dept. of National Zoological Gardenskimbula
Indira Gandhi Zoo & Deer Park
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park
Kamala Nehru Prani Sanghrahalay Zoo
Lucknow Zoological Park
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonakimbula
Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadh
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
St. Augustine Alligator Farmpalustris
Tata Steel Zoological Park
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens

Range Map

Bangladesh, Iran, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, possibly areas of Indochina Terra typica: Mainland India; restricted to Ganges by Lesson (1834: 305);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Wildlife As Canon Sees It 3Whitaker, R & Whitaker, Z (1984). Reproductive biology of the mugger. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 81(2): 297-316 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access