Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Crocodylia > Crocodylidae > Crocodylus > Crocodylus porosus
 

Crocodylus porosus (Saltwater crocodile)

Synonyms: Crocodilus biporcatus; Crocodilus oopholis; Crocodilus porosus; Crocodylus natans; Crocodylus porosus australis; Crocodylus porosus minikanna; Oopholis pondicherianus

Wikipedia Abstract

The saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is also widely known by the common names, estuarine or Indo-Pacific crocodile, more rarely or informally referred to as the saltie, marine or sea-going crocodile. This species is the largest of all living reptiles, as well as the largest terrestrial and riparian predator in the world. The males of this species can reach sizes up to 6.3 m (20.7 ft) and weigh up to 1,360 kg (3,000 lb).
View Wikipedia Record: Crocodylus porosus

Attributes

Female Maturity [2]  11 years
Male Maturity [2]  16 years
Gestation [2]  85 days
Litter Size [2]  50
Maximum Longevity [3]  42 years
Migration [1]  Intraoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Rivers and Streams, Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Biak-Numfoor rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Buru rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carolines tropical moist forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Halmahera rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
New Guinea mangroves Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Mangroves
Nicobar Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palau tropical moist forests Palau Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Seram rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumba deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Vanuatu rain forests Vanuatu Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Vogelkop-Aru lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yapen rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agusan Marsh Wilderness Sanctuary 103806 Philippines  
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Kakadu National Park II 4744348 Northern Territory, Australia
Komodo National Park II 514967 Indonesia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Prince Regent River Nature Reserve Ia 1428602 Western Australia, Australia  
Ranthambore National Park II 137162 Rajasthan, India
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
Siberut National Park II 481789 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Eleutheronema tetradactylum (White salmon)[4]
Gallus gallus (Red Junglefowl)[4]
Lutrogale perspicillata (Smooth-coated Otter)[4]
Myron karnsi (Richardson's mangrove snake)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthostomum atae <Unverified Name>[6]
Acanthostomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Alofia merki <Unverified Name>[7]
Brevimulticaecum australiense <Unverified Name>[7]
Brevimulticaecum australiensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria crocodilus <Unverified Name>[6]
Crocodylocapillaria longiovata <Unverified Name>[6]
Dujardinascaris angusae <Unverified Name>[6]
Dujardinascaris harrisae <Unverified Name>[6]
Dujardinascaris helicina <Unverified Name>[6]
Dujardinascaris mawsonae <Unverified Name>[6]
Dujardinascaris philippinensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dujardinascaris taylorae <Unverified Name>[6]
Dujardinascaris westonae <Unverified Name>[6]
Goezia holmesi <Unverified Name>[6]
Leiperia australiensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Oswaldofilaria kanbaya <Unverified Name>[6]
Paratrichosoma crocodilus <Unverified Name>[7]
Paratrichosoma crocodylus <Unverified Name>[6]
Proctocaecum crocodili <Unverified Name>[6]
Proctocaecum elongatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Sebekia johnstoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Sebekia multiannulata <Unverified Name>[7]
Sebekia purdieae <Unverified Name>[7]
Selfia porosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Terranova crocodili <Unverified Name>[6]
Timoniella absita <Unverified Name>[6]
Typhlophoros spratti <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Australia Zoo
Clyde Peeling's Reptiland
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Gladys Porter Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Madras Crocodile Bank Trust
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Perth Zoological Gardens
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
South Carolina Aquarium
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Territory Wildlife Park (Berry Springs
Thoiry Zoological Park
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
Western Plains Zoo
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari

Distribution

Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Myanmar (= Burma), Cambodia, China, India (including Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands), Indonesia (Java), Malaysia, Palau (Caroline Islands) , Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Solomon Islands, Thailand, V;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Messel, H, & Vorlicek, GC (1989). Ecology of Crocodylus porosus in northern Australia. In: Crocodiles. Their Ecology, Management and Conservation. A Special Publication of the IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 163-184 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5The prey and predators of Homalopsine snakes, HAROLD K. VORIS and JOHN C. MURPHY, Journal of Natural History, 2002, 36, 1621–1632 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access