Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Viperidae > Echis > Echis coloratus

Echis coloratus (Palestine Saw-scaled Viper)

Synonyms: Echis colorata; Echis froenata; Echis froenatus

Wikipedia Abstract

Echis coloratus is a venomous viper species endemic to the Middle East and Egypt. No subspecies are currently recognized.Common names: painted saw-scaled viper, painted carpet viper, Burton's carpet viper, more.↑ 1.0 1.1 ↑ ↑ ↑
View Wikipedia Record: Echis coloratus



Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Venomous [2]  Yes


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Socotra Island xeric shrublands Yemen Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Wadi Rum Protected Area National Park V   Jordan  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Pelophylax bedriagae (Levantine Frog)[3]
Pseudepidalea viridis (Crapaud Vert)[3]
Ptyodactylus guttatus (Sinai Fan-fingered Gecko)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Hierophis viridiflavus (Green Whip Snake, Western Whip Snake, Dark Green Snake)1


Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[4]
Centrorhynchus globocaudatus[4]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplopylidium noelleri <Unverified Name>[4]
Joyeuxiella echinorhynchoides <Unverified Name>[4]
Macracanthorhynchus catulinus[4]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Neodiplostomum major <Unverified Name>[4]
Neodiplostomum spathoides <Unverified Name>[4]
Ophiotaenia europaea <Unverified Name>[4]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[4]
Procyrnea zorillae <Unverified Name>[4]
Pterygodermatites cahirensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Sphaerirostris teres <Unverified Name>[4]
Spirometra erinacei-europaei <Unverified Name>[4]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[4]
Strigea strigis <Unverified Name>[4]


E Egypt, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Israel, N Oman, Jordan, United Arab Emirates (UAE) coloratus: NW Arabia, S Levant (Sinai), Wadi Arava), Egypt (east of Nile), Jordan. Terra typica: Jebel Sharr, Midian, Arabia, elevation 4,500 ft. terraesanctae: Israel, Jor;



Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Venomous snakes and antivenoms search interface, World Health Organization 3AMBUSH SITE SELECTION OF A DESERT SNAKE (ECHIS COLORATUS) AT AN OASIS, HADAS TSAIRI AND AMOS BOUSKILA, Herpetologica, 60(1), 2004, 13–23 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access