Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Dipsadidae > Heterodon > Heterodon platirhinos
 

Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)

Synonyms: Coluber heterodon; Heterodon annulatus; Heterodon browni; Heterodon contortrix; Heterodon contortrix browni; Heterodon niger; Heterodon platyrhinos; Heterodon platyrhinus; Heterodon tigrinus

Wikipedia Abstract

Heterodon platirhinos, commonly known as the eastern hog-nosed snake, spreading adder, or deaf adder, is a harmless colubrid species endemic to North America. No subspecies are currently recognized.
View Wikipedia Record: Heterodon platirhinos

Attributes

Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Hibernates [1]  Yes
Maximum Longevity [2]  9 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Fort Matanzas National Monument III 269 Florida, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial III 96 Indiana, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[3]
Anaxyrus fowleri (Fowler's Toad)[4]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[3]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[3]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[3]
Lithobates pipiens (Northern Leopard Frog)[4]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[3]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[3]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[3]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[3]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[3]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[3]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[3]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[3]
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)[3]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)2
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)1
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)1
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)8
Agkistrodon piscivorus (conanti)1
Ambystoma tigrinum (Eastern Tiger Salamander)1
Anas discors (Blue-winged Teal)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)3
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)1
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)2
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)1
Blarina brevicauda (Northern Short-tailed Shrew)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)9
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)1
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)4
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)1
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)3
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))4
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)3
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)4
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)1
Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake)2
Lampropeltis gentilis (Scarlet kingsnake)2
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)3
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)1
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)2
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)1
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)3
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)2
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)1
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)2
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)6
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)1
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)1
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)1
Podilymbus podiceps (Pied-billed Grebe)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)3
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)1
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)1
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)1
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)1
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)8
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)1
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)1
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)5
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)2
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)6
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)1

Predators

Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[3]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[3]
Campsis radicans (common trumpetcreeper)[3]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[3]
Eutrochium maculatum (Spotted Joe-pye Weed)[3]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[3]
Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush)[3]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[3]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[3]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[3]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[3]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[3]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[3]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[3]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cosmocercoides variabilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ochetosoma elongatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Ophidascaris ashii <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhabdias fuscovenosa[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Central Florida Zoological Park
John Ball Zoological Garden
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Natural History Museum of Adirondacks
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Living Museum
Western North Carolina Nature Center

Range Map

USA (Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, SE Ne;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 4Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access