Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Crocodylia > Alligatoridae > Melanosuchus > Melanosuchus niger
 

Melanosuchus niger (Black caiman)

Synonyms: Caiman niger

Wikipedia Abstract

The black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) is a large crocodilian and, along with the American alligator, is one of the biggest extant members of the family Alligatoridae. It is a carnivorous reptile that lives along slow-moving rivers, lakes, seasonally flooded savannas of the Amazon basin, and in other freshwater habitats of South America. It is a quite large species, growing to sizes of at least 5 m (16 ft) and possibly up to 6 m (20 ft) in length.
View Wikipedia Record: Melanosuchus niger

Attributes

Litter Size [2]  55
Maximum Longevity [3]  15 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  

Prey / Diet

Myocastor coypus (nutria)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Caiman crocodilus (Common caiman, Spectacled caiman)1
Leopardus geoffroyi (Geoffroy's Cat)1
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)1
Leopardus tigrinus (Oncilla)1
Panthera onca (Jaguar)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Herpetodiplostomum caimancola <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesodiplostomum gladiolum <Unverified Name>[5]
Proterodiplostomum longum <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Central Florida Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Moscow Zoological Park
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago

Range Map

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela Terra typica: "Fluminis Amazonium et Solimoens", Brazil.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Herron, JC, Emmons, JE & CADLE, JE (1990). Observations on reproduction in the black caiman, Melanosuchus niger. J. Herpetology 24(3): 314-316 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Myocastor coypus, Charles A. Woods, Luis Contreras, Gale Willner-Chapman, and Howard P. Whidden, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 398, pp. 1-8 (1992) 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access