Animalia > Chordata > Reptilia > Squamata > Colubridae > Nerodia > Nerodia sipedon
 

Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)

Synonyms: Coluber sipedon; Natrix sipedon; Nerodia sipedon; Tropidonotus sepedon; Tropidonotus sipedon

Infraspecies

Nerodia sipedon insularum (Lake Erie watersnake)
Nerodia sipedon pleuralis (Midland northern watersnake)
Nerodia sipedon sipedon (Northern watersnake)
Nerodia sipedon williamengelsi (Carolina watersnake)

Attributes

Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Hibernates [1]  Yes
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Acris crepitans (Northern Cricket Frog)[3]
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)[4]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[4]
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[4]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[4]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[4]
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)[4]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[4]
Lithobates blairi (Plains Leopard Frog)[3]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[3]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[4]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[4]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[4]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[4]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[4]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[4]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[4]
Sorex palustris (water shrew)[5]
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)1
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)6
Agkistrodon piscivorus (conanti)2
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)5
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)3
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)8
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)1
Blarina brevicauda (Northern Short-tailed Shrew)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)5
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)1
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)9
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)2
Cottus carolinae (Banded sculpin)1
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))2
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)4
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)1
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)6
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)1
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)2
Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake)1
Lampropeltis triangulum (Scarlet kingsnake)1
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)5
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)3
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)6
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)3
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)4
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)2
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)2
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)5
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)4
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)1
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)7
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)1
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)8
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1

Predators

Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[4]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[4]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[4]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[4]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[4]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[4]

Providers

Shelter 
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[4]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[4]
Cephalanthus tetrandra (Buttonbush)[4]
Hibiscus moscheutos (crimsoneyed rosemallow)[4]
Hydrilla verticillata (waterthyme)[4]
Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)[4]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[4]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[4]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[4]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[4]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[4]
Potamogeton nodosus (long-leaf pondweed)[4]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[4]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[4]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[4]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[4]
Utricularia macrorhiza (greater bladderwort)[4]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[4]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Centrorhynchus conspectus[6]
Distomum variabile <Unverified Name>[6]
Ophidascaris ashii <Unverified Name>[6]
Rhabdias fuscovenosa[6]
Zeugorchis longicirrus <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Detroit Zoological Societysipedon
Dickerson Park Zoo
Hutchinson Zoosipedon
Indianapolis Zoo
John Ball Zoological Garden
Louisville Zoological Garden
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquariumpleuralis
Museum of Science - Live Animal Centersipedon
Natural History Museum of Adirondackssipedon
North Carolina Zoological Park
 sipedon
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 sipedon
Potawatomi Zoosipedon
Sedgwick County Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoosipedon
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Living Museumsipedon

Range Map

USA (E Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas, E/N Oklahoma, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, SE Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Tennessee, SE Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, N Georgia, NW Florida, NW South Carolina, North Carolina, Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, India;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Uetz P., , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Resources of a Snake Community in Prairie-Woodland Habitat of Northeastern Kansas, Henry S. Fitch, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13: 83-98 (1982) 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 5Sorex palustris, John T. Beneski, Jr. and Derek W. Stinson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 296, pp. 1-6 (1987) 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011